Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Red Admiral 1714
Small Tortoiseshell 1698
Peacock 1591
Speckled Wood 1446
Green-veined White 1313
Painted Lady 1111
Meadow Brown 1076
Orange-tip 908
Small White 824
Small Heath 802
Common Blue 784
Large White 780
Ringlet 670
Comma 654
Small Skipper 534
Brimstone 533
Wall Brown 488
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 437
Small Copper 425
Dark Green Fritillary 423
Large Skipper 416
Gatekeeper 349
Holly Blue 280
Dingy Skipper 267
Northern Brown Argus 266
Grayling 246
Green Hairstreak 238
High Brown Fritillary 166
Scotch Argus 156
Silver-washed Fritillary 154
Mountain Ringlet 143
Large Heath 113
Small Blue 112
Purple Hairstreak 102
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 85
White-letter Hairstreak 77
Duke of Burgundy 70
Marsh Fritillary 56
Clouded Yellow 17
Brown Hairstreak 8

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 21532.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Silver Y 481
Chimney Sweeper 179
Six-spot Burnet 137
Cinnabar 135
Speckled Yellow 96
Brown Silver-line 74
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 65
Mother Shipton 57
Common Carpet 51
Common Heath 50
Silver-ground Carpet 46
Shaded Broad-bar 44
Burnet Companion 43
Large Yellow Underwing 40
Yellow Shell 35
Clouded Buff 23
Brown China-mark 22
Straw Dot 21
Anania Funebris 21
Udea lutealis 20
Clouded Border 17
Angle Shades 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Fox Moth 16
Latticed Heath 15
Antler Moth 15
Silver Hook 15
Emperor Moth 14
Brimstone Moth 14
Elephant Hawkmoth 14
Drinker 14
Nemophora degeerella 13
Evergestis pallidata 13
Green Carpet 12
Winter Moth 11
Common Marbled Carpet 9
Spring Usher 9
Northern Winter Moth 9
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Mother of Pearl 8
Treble-bar 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Garden Carpet 8
Magpie 7
Northern Eggar 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Flame Carpet 6
Forester 6
Ruby Tiger 6
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Argent and Sable 5
Riband Wave 5
Mottled Umber 5
Purple Bar 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Light Emerald 5
November Moth agg. 5
Grass Wave 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Diurnea fagella 4
Garden Tiger 4
Pyrausta aurata 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Grey Dagger 4
Pale-brindled Beauty 4
Esperia sulphurella 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Adela reamurella 4
Brindled Pug 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Lathronympha strigana 4
Buff-tip 4
Micropterix aureatella 4
Common White Wave 4
Snout 4
Common Wave 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Small Magpie 4
Gold Spangle 4
July Belle 4
Yellow-tail 4
July Highflyer 4
Chrysoteuchia culmella 4
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
White Ermine 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Garden Pebble 3
Gold Swift 3
Galium Carpet 3
Alder Moth 3
Wood Tiger 3
Pale Tussock 3
Lead Belle 3
Vapourer 3
Crambus perlella 3
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Devon Carpet 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Scoparia pyralella 3
Burnished Brass 3
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Northern Spinach 3
Large Emerald 3
Heart and Dart 3
Orange Underwing 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Red-necked Footman 3
Least Black Arches 2
Little Emerald 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Zeiraphera isertana 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Triangle Plume 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Red Carpet 2
Scarce Umber 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Small Phoenix 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Willow Beauty 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 2
Oak Eggar 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Orange Swift 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Eudemis profundana 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Ghost Moth 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Blastobasis adustella 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Buff Footman 2
Common Footman 2
Common Plume 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Blood Vein 2
Gold Spot 2
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Dark Tussock 2
Dark Arches 2
Cream Wave 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Herald 2
Clouded Silver 2
Cydia splendana 2
Ancylis badiana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Dotted Border 2
Common Lutestring 1
Clouded Magpie 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Clouded Drab 1
Common Swift 1
Slender Pug 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Common Wainscot 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Anacampsis populella 1
White Plume Moth 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Brick 1
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Broad-barred White 1
The Spectacle 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Udea olivalis 1
Barred Straw 1
Satellite 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Red-green Carpet 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Mottled Grey 1
Mottled Beauty 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Eucosma cana 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Grapholita compositella 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Hebrew Character 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Least Minor 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Grey Chi 1
Green Pug 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Grass Emerald 1
Marsh Pug 1
March moth 1
Marbled Beauty 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Dun-bar 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Psyche casta 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Dotted Clay 1
Pyrausta cingulata 1
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Red Underwing 1
Knot Grass 1
Dingy Footman 1
Ditula angustiorana 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Ear Moth agg. 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Pammene aurana 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Elachista argentella 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Phoenix 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phiaris palustrana 1
Early Thorn 1
Sallow 1

Total number of moth species: 257. Number of sightings: 2399.