Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Red Admiral 1755
Small Tortoiseshell 1710
Peacock 1592
Speckled Wood 1452
Green-veined White 1313
Painted Lady 1125
Meadow Brown 1076
Orange-tip 908
Small White 826
Small Heath 802
Common Blue 784
Large White 781
Comma 670
Ringlet 670
Small Skipper 534
Brimstone 533
Wall Brown 488
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 437
Small Copper 425
Dark Green Fritillary 423
Large Skipper 416
Gatekeeper 349
Holly Blue 280
Dingy Skipper 267
Northern Brown Argus 266
Grayling 246
Green Hairstreak 238
High Brown Fritillary 166
Scotch Argus 156
Silver-washed Fritillary 154
Mountain Ringlet 143
Large Heath 113
Small Blue 112
Purple Hairstreak 102
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 85
White-letter Hairstreak 77
Duke of Burgundy 70
Marsh Fritillary 56
Clouded Yellow 17
Brown Hairstreak 8

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 21625.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Silver Y 488
Chimney Sweeper 179
Six-spot Burnet 137
Cinnabar 135
Speckled Yellow 96
Brown Silver-line 74
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 65
Mother Shipton 57
Common Carpet 51
Common Heath 50
Silver-ground Carpet 46
Shaded Broad-bar 44
Burnet Companion 43
Large Yellow Underwing 40
Yellow Shell 35
Clouded Buff 23
Brown China-mark 22
Anania Funebris 21
Straw Dot 21
Udea lutealis 20
Angle Shades 17
Clouded Border 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Fox Moth 16
Latticed Heath 15
Antler Moth 15
Silver Hook 15
Brimstone Moth 14
Drinker 14
Emperor Moth 14
Elephant Hawkmoth 14
Nemophora degeerella 13
Evergestis pallidata 13
Green Carpet 12
Winter Moth 11
Northern Winter Moth 10
Spring Usher 9
Common Marbled Carpet 9
Garden Carpet 8
Mother of Pearl 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Treble-bar 8
Magpie 7
Northern Eggar 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Ruby Tiger 7
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Flame Carpet 6
Forester 6
Nettle-tap Moth 5
November Moth agg. 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Purple Bar 5
Riband Wave 5
Light Emerald 5
Argent and Sable 5
Grass Wave 5
Mottled Umber 5
Micropterix aureatella 4
Yellow-tail 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Pyrausta aurata 4
Pale-brindled Beauty 4
Gold Spangle 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
July Belle 4
Esperia sulphurella 4
Garden Tiger 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Grey Dagger 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Common Wave 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Lathronympha strigana 4
Common White Wave 4
Buff-tip 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Brindled Pug 4
Adela reamurella 4
Snout 4
Small Magpie 4
Chrysoteuchia culmella 4
July Highflyer 4
Heart and Dart 3
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Wood Tiger 3
Burnished Brass 3
White Ermine 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Garden Pebble 3
Alder Moth 3
Gold Swift 3
Galium Carpet 3
Large Emerald 3
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Red-necked Footman 3
Pale Tussock 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Devon Carpet 3
Lead Belle 3
Red-green Carpet 3
Crambus perlella 3
Scarce Umber 3
Vapourer 3
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Scoparia pyralella 3
Northern Spinach 3
Orange Underwing 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Zeiraphera isertana 2
Little Emerald 2
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Least Black Arches 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Oak Eggar 2
Triangle Plume 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Red Carpet 2
Small Phoenix 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Willow Beauty 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 2
Orange Swift 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Cream Wave 2
Clouded Silver 2
Common Plume 2
Common Footman 2
Cydia splendana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Dotted Border 2
Dark Tussock 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Buff Footman 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Ancylis badiana 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Blood Vein 2
Blastobasis adustella 2
Eudemis profundana 2
Dark Arches 2
Herald 2
Ghost Moth 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Gold Spot 2
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Marbled Beauty 1
March moth 1
Broad-barred White 1
Brick 1
The Streak 1
The Spectacle 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Marsh Pug 1
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Slender Pug 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Common Swift 1
Common Wainscot 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Common Lutestring 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Clouded Magpie 1
Green Pug 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Barred Straw 1
Hebrew Character 1
Clouded Drab 1
Grey Chi 1
Udea olivalis 1
Least Minor 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
White Plume Moth 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene aurana 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista argentella 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Early Thorn 1
Phoenix 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phiaris palustrana 1
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Eucosma cana 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Ear Moth agg. 1
Sallow 1
Grapholita compositella 1
Red Underwing 1
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Satellite 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Grass Emerald 1
Knot Grass 1
Mottled Beauty 1
Dun-bar 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Psyche casta 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Dotted Clay 1
Dingy Footman 1
Ditula angustiorana 1
Mottled Grey 1
Pyrausta cingulata 1
Middle-barred Minor 1

Total number of moth species: 258. Number of sightings: 2412.