Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Scotch Argus 27 Jul 2020
Brown Hairstreak 27 Jul 2020
Gatekeeper 29 Jun 2020
High Brown Fritillary 15 Jun 2020
Purple Hairstreak 15 Jun 2020
Ringlet 08 Jun 2020
Silver-washed Fritillary 08 Jun 2020
Large Heath 01 Jun 2020
Meadow Brown 01 Jun 2020
Small Skipper 01 Jun 2020
Grayling 01 Jun 2020
Large Skipper 25 May 2020
White-letter Hairstreak 25 May 2020
Mountain Ringlet 25 May 2020
Northern Brown Argus 25 May 2020
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 18 May 2020
Dark Green Fritillary 11 May 2020
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 11 May 2020
Marsh Fritillary 11 May 2020
Small Blue 04 May 2020
Dingy Skipper 27 Apr 2020
Small Heath 27 Apr 2020
Wall Brown 27 Apr 2020
Duke of Burgundy 27 Apr 2020
Small Copper 20 Apr 2020
Common Blue 13 Apr 2020
Green Hairstreak 06 Apr 2020
Green-veined White 06 Apr 2020
Speckled Wood 06 Apr 2020
Orange-tip 06 Apr 2020
Large White 06 Apr 2020
Red Admiral 06 Apr 2020
Holly Blue 23 Mar 2020
Painted Lady 23 Mar 2020
Small White 23 Mar 2020
Comma 02 Mar 2020
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Evergestis pallidata 03 Aug 2020
Cydia splendana 27 Jul 2020
Blastobasis adustella 27 Jul 2020
Buff Footman 27 Jul 2020
Dun-bar 27 Jul 2020
Phyllonorycter harrisella 27 Jul 2020
Argyresthia goedartella 27 Jul 2020
Mother of Pearl 27 Jul 2020
Ancylis badiana 27 Jul 2020
Argyresthia brockeella 27 Jul 2020
Swallow-tail Moth 20 Jul 2020
July Highflyer 20 Jul 2020
Antler Moth 20 Jul 2020
Small Fan-footed Wave 20 Jul 2020
Pammene aurita 20 Jul 2020
Grapholita compositella 20 Jul 2020
Northern Spinach 20 Jul 2020
Argyresthia geodartella 20 Jul 2020
Rhigognostis incarnatella 13 Jul 2020
Common Footman 13 Jul 2020
Brown China-mark 13 Jul 2020
Archips xylosteana 13 Jul 2020
Dichrorampha petiverella 06 Jul 2020
Eudonia lacustrata 06 Jul 2020
Eudemis profundana 06 Jul 2020
Purple-bordered Gold 06 Jul 2020
Epinotia nisella 06 Jul 2020
Hedya salicella 06 Jul 2020
Zeiraphera isertana 06 Jul 2020
Knot Grass 06 Jul 2020
Scoparia basistrigalis 06 Jul 2020
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 06 Jul 2020
Fan-foot 06 Jul 2020
Batrachedra praeangusta 06 Jul 2020
Gypsona sociana 29 Jun 2020
Gelechia sororculella 29 Jun 2020
Ditula angustiorana 29 Jun 2020
Twin-spot Carpet 29 Jun 2020
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 29 Jun 2020
Celypha lacunana 29 Jun 2020
Clouded Border 29 Jun 2020
Chrysoteuchia culmella 22 Jun 2020
Straw Dot 22 Jun 2020
Gold Swift 15 Jun 2020
Bilberry Pug 15 Jun 2020
Large Yellow Underwing 15 Jun 2020
Light Emerald 15 Jun 2020
Magpie 15 Jun 2020
Argyresthia conjugella 15 Jun 2020
Cistus Forester 15 Jun 2020
Garden Carpet 15 Jun 2020
Shaded Broad-bar 15 Jun 2020
Orthotaenia undulana 15 Jun 2020
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 08 Jun 2020
Phiaris palustrana 08 Jun 2020
Mottled Beauty 08 Jun 2020
Elachista albifrontella 08 Jun 2020
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 08 Jun 2020
Thistle Ermine 08 Jun 2020
Hedya pruniana 08 Jun 2020
Notocelia cynosbatella 08 Jun 2020
Pyrausta cingulata 08 Jun 2020
Red-necked Footman 08 Jun 2020
Clouded Magpie 08 Jun 2020
Mullein 01 Jun 2020
Notocelia uddmanniana 01 Jun 2020
Wood Tiger 01 Jun 2020
Yponomeuta cagnagella 01 Jun 2020
Small Magpie 01 Jun 2020
Willow Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Nemophora degeerella 01 Jun 2020
Grass Wave 01 Jun 2020
Lathronympha strigana 01 Jun 2020
Elephant Hawkmoth 01 Jun 2020
Common Marbled Carpet 01 Jun 2020
Latticed Heath 01 Jun 2020
Common Plume 01 Jun 2020
Marbled Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Clouded Buff 25 May 2020
Pyrausta purpuralis 25 May 2020
Red Twin-spot Carpet 25 May 2020
Mottled Umber 25 May 2020
Common Heath 25 May 2020
Micropterix aureatella 25 May 2020
Forester 25 May 2020
White Ermine 25 May 2020
Brimstone Moth 25 May 2020
Eulia ministrana 25 May 2020
Scoparia pyralella 18 May 2020
Six-spot Burnet 18 May 2020
Burnet Companion 18 May 2020
Chimney Sweeper 18 May 2020
Yellow Shell 18 May 2020
Drinker 18 May 2020
Esperia sulphurella 18 May 2020
Cream Wave 18 May 2020
Green Carpet 11 May 2020
Silver-ground Carpet 11 May 2020
Cinnabar 11 May 2020
Currant Pug 11 May 2020
Brown Silver-line 04 May 2020
Angle Shades 04 May 2020
Common Carpet 04 May 2020
Cauchas rufimitrella 04 May 2020
Mother Shipton 04 May 2020
Speckled Yellow 04 May 2020
Silver Y 13 Apr 2020
Emperor Moth 06 Apr 2020
Hebrew Character 30 Mar 2020
Ruby Tiger 02 Mar 2020
Agonopterix arenella 17 Feb 2020
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020
Satellite 30 Dec 2019

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Small Tortoiseshell 2107
Red Admiral 1932
Peacock 1880
Speckled Wood 1658
Green-veined White 1473
Meadow Brown 1270
Orange-tip 1174
Painted Lady 1138
Small Heath 966
Small White 928
Common Blue 891
Large White 890
Ringlet 792
Comma 753
Small Skipper 628
Brimstone 626
Wall Brown 531
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 529
Dark Green Fritillary 507
Large Skipper 504
Small Copper 460
Gatekeeper 380
Holly Blue 319
Dingy Skipper 316
Northern Brown Argus 304
Grayling 275
Green Hairstreak 272
High Brown Fritillary 182
Scotch Argus 168
Silver-washed Fritillary 164
Mountain Ringlet 155
Small Blue 138
Large Heath 130
Purple Hairstreak 107
White-letter Hairstreak 88
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 86
Duke of Burgundy 73
Marsh Fritillary 69
Clouded Yellow 17
Brown Hairstreak 5

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 24885.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Silver Y 534
Chimney Sweeper 246
Cinnabar 167
Six-spot Burnet 156
Speckled Yellow 104
Brown Silver-line 87
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 74
Mother Shipton 69
Common Carpet 63
Silver-ground Carpet 58
Shaded Broad-bar 55
Common Heath 55
Burnet Companion 53
Yellow Shell 50
Large Yellow Underwing 46
Clouded Buff 29
Straw Dot 26
Antler Moth 24
Brown China-mark 23
Clouded Border 22
Anania Funebris 21
Udea lutealis 20
Angle Shades 19
Emperor Moth 18
Latticed Heath 18
Brimstone Moth 17
Elephant Hawkmoth 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Nemophora degeerella 16
Drinker 16
Fox Moth 16
Green Carpet 15
Silver Hook 15
Evergestis pallidata 14
Winter Moth 13
Spring Usher 11
Magpie 11
Common Marbled Carpet 10
Northern Winter Moth 10
Mother of Pearl 9
Pyrausta purpuralis 9
Garden Carpet 9
Ruby Tiger 9
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Twin-spot Carpet 8
Forester 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Treble-bar 8
Mottled Umber 7
Micropterix aureatella 7
Northern Eggar 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Lathronympha strigana 6
Flame Carpet 6
Light Emerald 6
Grass Wave 6
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
November Moth agg. 5
Riband Wave 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Scoparia pyralella 5
Purple Bar 5
Red-necked Footman 5
Chrysoteuchia culmella 5
Gold Swift 5
Argent and Sable 5
Small Magpie 5
Esperia sulphurella 5
July Highflyer 5
Common Plume 4
Pyrausta aurata 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Argyresthia geodartella 4
Purple-bordered Gold 4
July Belle 4
Wood Tiger 4
Yellow-tail 4
Adela reamurella 4
Northern Spinach 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Red-green Carpet 4
White Ermine 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Grey Dagger 4
Small Fan-footed Wave 4
Scarce Umber 4
Brindled Pug 4
Gold Spangle 4
Common White Wave 4
Garden Tiger 4
Common Wave 4
Celypha lacunana 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Buff-tip 4
Snout 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Cream Wave 4
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Eudemis profundana 3
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 3
Knot Grass 3
Galium Carpet 3
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 3
Garden Pebble 3
Large Emerald 3
Cydia splendana 3
Blastobasis adustella 3
Syndemis musculana 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Buff Footman 3
Common Footman 3
Clouded Magpie 3
Argyresthia goedartella 3
Argyresthia brockeella 3
Willow Beauty 3
Zeiraphera isertana 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Alder Moth 3
Vapourer 3
Ancylis badiana 3
Crambus perlella 3
Burnished Brass 3
Orange Underwing 3
Phiaris palustrana 3
Lead Belle 3
Devon Carpet 3
Pale Tussock 3
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Little Emerald 2
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Orange Swift 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Orthotaenia undulana 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Least Black Arches 2
Triangle Plume 2
Small Phoenix 2
Oak Eggar 2
Mullein 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Red Twin-spot Carpet 2
Mottled Beauty 2
Red Carpet 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Satellite 2
Pyrausta cingulata 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Swallow-tail Moth 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Marbled Beauty 2
Hebrew Character 2
Ear Moth agg. 2
Eudonia lacustrata 2
Dun-bar 2
Blood Vein 2
Grapholita compositella 2
Gold Spot 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Dotted Border 2
Ghost Moth 2
Hedya pruniana 2
Clouded Silver 2
Dark Arches 2
Ditula angustiorana 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Heart and Dart 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Herald 2
Dark Tussock 2
Brick 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Broad-barred White 1
Scoparia basistrigalis 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Cauchas rufimitrella 1
Common Wainscot 1
Common Swift 1
Slender Pug 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Clouded Drab 1
Common Lutestring 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Cistus Forester 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Yponomeuta cagnagella 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix arenella 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Batrachedra praeangusta 1
Thistle Ermine 1
The Streak 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
The Spectacle 1
Barred Straw 1
Argyresthia conjugella 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
White Plume Moth 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Archips xylosteana 1
Udea olivalis 1
Bilberry Pug 1
Dichrorampha petiverella 1
Fan-foot 1
Eulia ministrana 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Gelechia sororculella 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Notocelia cynosbatella 1
Notocelia uddmanniana 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Eucosma cana 1
Mottled Grey 1
Grass Emerald 1
Acleris emargana 1
March moth 1
Hedya salicella 1
Lesser Yellow Underwing 1
Least Minor 1
Marsh Pug 1
Gypsona sociana 1
Green Pug 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Grey Chi 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Epinotia nisella 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Dotted Clay 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Early Thorn 1
Psyche casta 1
Dingy Footman 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Currant Pug 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Sallow 1
Rhigognostis incarnatella 1
Red Underwing 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Pammene aurita 1
Pammene aurana 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Elachista argentella 1
Elachista albifrontella 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Phyllonorycter harrisella 1
Phoenix 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1

Total number of moth species: 290. Number of sightings: 2858.