Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Red Admiral 1558
Small Tortoiseshell 1547
Peacock 1487
Speckled Wood 1338
Green-veined White 1285
Meadow Brown 1071
Painted Lady 955
Orange-tip 906
Small Heath 797
Common Blue 776
Small White 757
Large White 743
Ringlet 667
Comma 604
Small Skipper 530
Brimstone 520
Wall Brown 478
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 437
Dark Green Fritillary 423
Large Skipper 416
Small Copper 398
Gatekeeper 347
Dingy Skipper 267
Holly Blue 266
Northern Brown Argus 264
Grayling 245
Green Hairstreak 237
High Brown Fritillary 165
Silver-washed Fritillary 154
Scotch Argus 154
Mountain Ringlet 143
Large Heath 113
Small Blue 112
Purple Hairstreak 102
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 85
White-letter Hairstreak 77
Duke of Burgundy 70
Marsh Fritillary 56
Clouded Yellow 12
Brown Hairstreak 3

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 20565.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Silver Y 437
Chimney Sweeper 179
Six-spot Burnet 136
Cinnabar 134
Speckled Yellow 96
Brown Silver-line 74
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 63
Mother Shipton 57
Common Carpet 51
Common Heath 50
Silver-ground Carpet 46
Burnet Companion 43
Shaded Broad-bar 43
Large Yellow Underwing 38
Yellow Shell 35
Clouded Buff 23
Brown China-mark 22
Anania Funebris 21
Straw Dot 21
Udea lutealis 18
Clouded Border 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Antler Moth 15
Silver Hook 15
Fox Moth 15
Latticed Heath 15
Brimstone Moth 14
Drinker 14
Emperor Moth 14
Elephant Hawkmoth 14
Angle Shades 13
Evergestis pallidata 13
Nemophora degeerella 13
Green Carpet 12
Winter Moth 11
Common Marbled Carpet 9
Northern Winter Moth 9
Spring Usher 9
Treble-bar 8
Garden Carpet 8
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Mother of Pearl 8
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Northern Eggar 7
Magpie 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 6
Ruby Tiger 6
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Forester 6
Flame Carpet 6
Purple Bar 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Grass Wave 5
Argent and Sable 5
Riband Wave 5
November Moth agg. 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Light Emerald 5
Mottled Umber 5
Pyrausta aurata 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Esperia sulphurella 4
Garden Tiger 4
Gold Spangle 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Micropterix aureatella 4
Pale-brindled Beauty 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Common White Wave 4
Brindled Pug 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Snout 4
Chrysoteuchia culmella 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Lathronympha strigana 4
Adela reamurella 4
July Highflyer 4
July Belle 4
Yellow-tail 4
Small Magpie 4
Buff-tip 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Common Wave 4
Gold Swift 3
Alder Moth 3
Scoparia pyralella 3
White Ermine 3
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Galium Carpet 3
Large Emerald 3
Red-necked Footman 3
Crambus perlella 3
Garden Pebble 3
Vapourer 3
Wood Tiger 3
Devon Carpet 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Orange Underwing 3
Lead Belle 3
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Pale Tussock 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Heart and Dart 3
Burnished Brass 3
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Northern Spinach 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Little Emerald 2
Least Black Arches 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Scarce Umber 2
Triangle Plume 2
Small Phoenix 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Willow Beauty 2
Zeiraphera isertana 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Red Carpet 2
Orange Swift 2
Oak Eggar 2
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Cream Wave 2
Clouded Silver 2
Common Plume 2
Common Footman 2
Cydia splendana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Dotted Border 2
Dark Arches 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Buff Footman 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Ancylis badiana 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Blood Vein 2
Blastobasis adustella 2
Eudemis profundana 2
Dark Tussock 2
Herald 2
Ghost Moth 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Gold Spot 2
Grey Dagger 2
Marbled Beauty 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Green Pug 1
Grey Chi 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Brick 1
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Broad-barred White 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Common Swift 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Common Wainscot 1
Clouded Drab 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Slender Pug 1
Marsh Pug 1
Clouded Magpie 1
March moth 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Common Lutestring 1
The Spectacle 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Least Minor 1
Hebrew Character 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Barred Straw 1
Udea olivalis 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
White Plume Moth 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista argentella 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Pammene aurana 1
Phiaris palustrana 1
Early Thorn 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Mottled Grey 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Eucosma cana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Mottled Beauty 1
Epinotia ramella 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phoenix 1
Grapholita compositella 1
Red Underwing 1
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Red-green Carpet 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Sallow 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Grass Emerald 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Satellite 1
Knot Grass 1
Dingy Footman 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Ear Moth agg. 1
Psyche casta 1
Dun-bar 1
Ditula angustiorana 1
Pyrausta cingulata 1
Dotted Clay 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1

Total number of moth species: 257. Number of sightings: 2337.