Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020
Satellite 30 Dec 2019

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Red Admiral 1753
Small Tortoiseshell 1705
Peacock 1587
Speckled Wood 1450
Green-veined White 1311
Painted Lady 1115
Meadow Brown 1071
Orange-tip 906
Small White 823
Small Heath 801
Common Blue 783
Large White 776
Ringlet 670
Comma 666
Brimstone 533
Small Skipper 533
Wall Brown 488
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 437
Dark Green Fritillary 424
Small Copper 424
Large Skipper 415
Gatekeeper 347
Holly Blue 279
Dingy Skipper 267
Northern Brown Argus 263
Grayling 246
Green Hairstreak 238
High Brown Fritillary 166
Scotch Argus 155
Silver-washed Fritillary 154
Mountain Ringlet 142
Large Heath 113
Small Blue 112
Purple Hairstreak 101
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 85
White-letter Hairstreak 76
Duke of Burgundy 70
Marsh Fritillary 56
Clouded Yellow 17
Brown Hairstreak 4

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 21562.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Silver Y 485
Chimney Sweeper 179
Six-spot Burnet 137
Cinnabar 135
Speckled Yellow 96
Brown Silver-line 74
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 65
Mother Shipton 57
Common Carpet 51
Common Heath 50
Silver-ground Carpet 46
Shaded Broad-bar 44
Burnet Companion 43
Large Yellow Underwing 38
Yellow Shell 35
Clouded Buff 23
Brown China-mark 22
Straw Dot 21
Anania Funebris 21
Udea lutealis 20
Angle Shades 17
Clouded Border 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Fox Moth 16
Antler Moth 15
Latticed Heath 15
Silver Hook 15
Brimstone Moth 14
Elephant Hawkmoth 14
Drinker 14
Emperor Moth 14
Evergestis pallidata 13
Nemophora degeerella 13
Winter Moth 13
Green Carpet 12
Spring Usher 11
Northern Winter Moth 10
Common Marbled Carpet 9
Mother of Pearl 8
Garden Carpet 8
Treble-bar 8
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Magpie 7
Ruby Tiger 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Northern Eggar 7
Forester 6
Mottled Umber 6
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Flame Carpet 6
Light Emerald 5
Riband Wave 5
Purple Bar 5
November Moth agg. 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Grass Wave 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Argent and Sable 5
Small Magpie 4
Gold Spangle 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Micropterix aureatella 4
Pyrausta aurata 4
Brindled Pug 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Buff-tip 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Snout 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Garden Tiger 4
Common White Wave 4
Adela reamurella 4
July Highflyer 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Lathronympha strigana 4
July Belle 4
Grey Dagger 4
Yellow-tail 4
Chrysoteuchia culmella 4
Esperia sulphurella 4
Red-green Carpet 4
Common Wave 4
Scarce Umber 4
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Vapourer 3
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Gold Swift 3
Wood Tiger 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Lead Belle 3
Agriphila tristella 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Galium Carpet 3
Garden Pebble 3
Alder Moth 3
White Ermine 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Red-necked Footman 3
Pale Tussock 3
Large Emerald 3
Crambus perlella 3
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Orange Underwing 3
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Devon Carpet 3
Scoparia pyralella 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Northern Spinach 3
Burnished Brass 3
Small Dusty Wave 2
Little Emerald 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Satellite 2
Zeiraphera isertana 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Least Black Arches 2
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Orange Swift 2
Willow Beauty 2
Oak Eggar 2
Triangle Plume 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Small Phoenix 2
Red Carpet 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Cydia splendana 2
Cream Wave 2
Clouded Silver 2
Common Plume 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Dark Tussock 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Ear Moth agg. 2
Dotted Border 2
Common Footman 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Ancylis badiana 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Buff Footman 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Blood Vein 2
Blastobasis adustella 2
Eudemis profundana 2
Dark Arches 2
Heart and Dart 2
Gold Spot 2
Ghost Moth 2
Herald 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Bordered Beauty 1
Brick 1
Broad-barred White 1
Swallow-tail Moth 1
The Streak 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
The Spectacle 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Grey Chi 1
Common Lutestring 1
Slender Pug 1
Marbled Beauty 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Common Swift 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Clouded Magpie 1
Green Pug 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Hebrew Character 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Adela cuprella 1
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Argyresthia goedartella 1
Barred Straw 1
Common Wainscot 1
Least Minor 1
Udea olivalis 1
Acleris emargana 1
Anacampsis populella 1
White Plume Moth 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Lesser Yellow Underwing 1
Clouded Drab 1
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista argentella 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Early Thorn 1
Pammene aurana 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phiaris palustrana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Eucosma cana 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Mottled Grey 1
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Mottled Beauty 1
Phoenix 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Marsh Pug 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Red Underwing 1
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Grass Emerald 1
Sallow 1
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
March moth 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Grapholita compositella 1
Knot Grass 1
Psyche casta 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Dun-bar 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Dotted Clay 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Dingy Footman 1
Pyrausta cingulata 1
Ditula angustiorana 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1

Total number of moth species: 263. Number of sightings: 2421.