Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Small White 23 Mar 2020
Painted Lady 23 Mar 2020
Comma 02 Mar 2020
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Hebrew Character 30 Mar 2020
Ruby Tiger 02 Mar 2020
Agonopterix arenella 17 Feb 2020
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020
Satellite 30 Dec 2019

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Red Admiral 1753
Small Tortoiseshell 1746
Peacock 1640
Speckled Wood 1450
Green-veined White 1311
Painted Lady 1116
Meadow Brown 1071
Orange-tip 906
Small White 824
Small Heath 801
Common Blue 783
Large White 776
Comma 681
Ringlet 670
Brimstone 552
Small Skipper 533
Wall Brown 488
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 437
Dark Green Fritillary 424
Small Copper 424
Large Skipper 415
Gatekeeper 347
Holly Blue 279
Dingy Skipper 267
Northern Brown Argus 263
Grayling 246
Green Hairstreak 238
High Brown Fritillary 166
Scotch Argus 155
Silver-washed Fritillary 154
Mountain Ringlet 142
Large Heath 113
Small Blue 112
Purple Hairstreak 101
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 85
White-letter Hairstreak 76
Duke of Burgundy 70
Marsh Fritillary 56
Clouded Yellow 17
Brown Hairstreak 4

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 21692.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Silver Y 485
Chimney Sweeper 179
Six-spot Burnet 137
Cinnabar 135
Speckled Yellow 96
Brown Silver-line 74
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 65
Mother Shipton 57
Common Carpet 51
Common Heath 50
Silver-ground Carpet 46
Shaded Broad-bar 44
Burnet Companion 43
Large Yellow Underwing 38
Yellow Shell 35
Clouded Buff 23
Brown China-mark 22
Anania Funebris 21
Straw Dot 21
Udea lutealis 20
Clouded Border 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Angle Shades 17
Fox Moth 16
Latticed Heath 15
Antler Moth 15
Silver Hook 15
Emperor Moth 14
Brimstone Moth 14
Elephant Hawkmoth 14
Drinker 14
Evergestis pallidata 13
Winter Moth 13
Nemophora degeerella 13
Green Carpet 12
Spring Usher 11
Northern Winter Moth 10
Common Marbled Carpet 9
Ruby Tiger 8
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Mother of Pearl 8
Treble-bar 8
Garden Carpet 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Magpie 7
Northern Eggar 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Mottled Umber 6
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Flame Carpet 6
Forester 6
Purple Bar 5
Riband Wave 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Argent and Sable 5
November Moth agg. 5
Grass Wave 5
Light Emerald 5
Four-dotted Footman 4
Garden Tiger 4
Pyrausta aurata 4
Micropterix aureatella 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Gold Spangle 4
Grey Dagger 4
July Belle 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Lathronympha strigana 4
Esperia sulphurella 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Common Wave 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Buff-tip 4
Chrysoteuchia culmella 4
Small Magpie 4
Snout 4
Brindled Pug 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Scarce Umber 4
Common White Wave 4
July Highflyer 4
Red-green Carpet 4
Yellow-tail 4
Adela reamurella 4
True Lover's Knot 3
Lead Belle 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Large Emerald 3
Galium Carpet 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Garden Pebble 3
Vapourer 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Alder Moth 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Gold Swift 3
Wood Tiger 3
Argyresthia geodartella 3
White Ermine 3
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Burnished Brass 3
Orange Underwing 3
Crambus perlella 3
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Devon Carpet 3
Red-necked Footman 3
Scoparia pyralella 3
Pale Tussock 3
Northern Spinach 3
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Small Phoenix 2
Least Black Arches 2
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 2
Willow Beauty 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Zeiraphera isertana 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Red Carpet 2
Little Emerald 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Orange Swift 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Oak Eggar 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Triangle Plume 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Satellite 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Herald 2
Cydia splendana 2
Cream Wave 2
Clouded Silver 2
Common Plume 2
Dark Arches 2
Dark Tussock 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Ear Moth agg. 2
Dotted Border 2
Common Footman 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Ancylis badiana 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Buff Footman 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Blood Vein 2
Blastobasis adustella 2
Eudemis profundana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Hebrew Character 2
Heart and Dart 2
Gold Spot 2
Ghost Moth 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Brick 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Broad-barred White 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Lesser Yellow Underwing 1
The Spectacle 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Least Minor 1
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Grey Chi 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Common Lutestring 1
Grass Emerald 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Slender Pug 1
Clouded Magpie 1
Green Pug 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
The Streak 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
White Plume Moth 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Agonopterix arenella 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Barred Straw 1
Common Swift 1
Adela cuprella 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Acleris emargana 1
Argyresthia goedartella 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Udea olivalis 1
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Common Wainscot 1
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Early Thorn 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phiaris palustrana 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Eucosma cana 1
Mottled Beauty 1
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Elachista argentella 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Phoenix 1
Dun-bar 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Red Underwing 1
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
March moth 1
Sallow 1
Marbled Beauty 1
Mottled Grey 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Clouded Drab 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Marsh Pug 1
Knot Grass 1
Psyche casta 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Dotted Clay 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Grapholita compositella 1
Pyrausta cingulata 1
Dingy Footman 1
Ditula angustiorana 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1

Total number of moth species: 264. Number of sightings: 2424.