Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Experimental Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brimstone 383
Brown Hairstreak 0
Camberwell Beauty 0
Common Blue 610
Clouded Yellow 12
Comma 437
Dark Green Fritillary 303
Dingy Skipper 210
Duke of Burgundy 46
Essex Skipper 0
Gatekeeper 265
Grayling 180
Green Hairstreak 177
Green-veined White 1030
High Brown Fritillary 130
Holly Blue 172
Large Heath 85
Large Skipper 266
Large White 602
Marsh Fritillary 40
Meadow Brown 797
Monarch 0
Mountain Ringlet 101
Northern Brown Argus 202
Orange-tip 639
Painted Lady 497
Peacock 1069
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 61
Purple Hairstreak 85
Red Admiral 1227
Ringlet 485
Scotch Argus 133
Silver-washed Fritillary 127
Small Blue 96
Small Copper 298
Small Heath 576
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 304
Small Skipper 381
Small Tortoiseshell 1167
Small White 589
Speckled Wood 1026
Wall Brown 398
White-letter Hairstreak 54

Total number of butterfly sightings: 15260.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Acleris sparsana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Adela reamurella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila tristella 3
Alder Moth 3
Anacampsis populella 1
Anania Funebris 16
Ancylis badiana 1
Ancyslis badiana 0
Angle Shades 8
Antler Moth 13
Apotomis turbidana 2
Argent and Sable 5
Argyresthia brockeella 1
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Barred Straw 1
Batracherda preangusta 2
Beautiful Golden Y 1
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 1
Bird-cherry Ermine 6
Blastobasis adustella 1
Blood Vein 1
Bordered White 0
Brimstone Moth 11
Brindled Pug 2
Broad-barred White 1
Brown China-mark 21
Brown Silver-line 52
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Buff Footman 1
Buff-tip 3
Burnet Companion 29
Burnished Brass 2
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Catoptria margaritella 2
Cauchas fibulella 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Chimney Sweeper 121
Chrysoteuchia culmella 3
Cinnabar 88
Cistus Forester 0
Clouded Magpie 1
Common Carpet 41
Common Heath 39
Common Lutestring 1
Common Marbled Carpet 8
Common Plume 2
Common Swift 1
Common Wave 4
Common White Wave 4
Clouded Border 11
Clouded Buff 16
Clouded Drab 1
Clouded Silver 2
Common Heath 39
Common Marbled Carpet 8
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Crambus pascuella 5
Crambus perlella 2
Cream Wave 1
Cydia splendana 1
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Dark Arches 1
Devon Carpet 3
Dingy Footman 0
Diplodoma laichartingella 3
Ditula angustiorana 1
Diurnea fagella 2
Dotted Clay 1
Drinker 8
Dun-bar 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Ear Moth agg. 0
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista argentella 1
Elephant Hawkmoth 8
Emperor Moth 10
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Epinotia ramella 0
Epinotia tenerana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Esperia sulphurella 4
Eucosma cana 1
Eudemis profundana 2
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Evergestis pallidata 13
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Flame Carpet 6
Forester 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Foxglove Pug 1
Fox Moth 12
Galium Carpet 3
Garden Carpet 7
Garden Pebble 3
Garden Tiger 3
Ghost Moth 1
Gold Spangle 4
Gold Spot 0
Gold Swift 3
Grapholita compositella 1
Grass Emerald 1
Grass Wave 3
Green Carpet 11
Green Pug 1
Grey Chi 1
Grey Dagger 2
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Heart and Dart 1
Hebrew Character 1
Hedya nubiferana 2
Herald 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 46
Incurvaria praelatella 1
July Belle 4
July Highflyer 4
Knot Grass 1
Large Emerald 2
Large Yellow Underwing 20
Lathronympha strigana 4
Latticed Heath 13
Lead Belle 2
Least Black Arches 1
Least Minor 1
Light Brown Apple Moth 1
Light Emerald 4
Little Emerald 2
Magpie 5
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Marbled Beauty 1
March moth 1
Marsh Pug 0
Microptera calthella 0
Micropterix aureatella 3
Micropterix calthella 2
Middle-barred Minor 1
Mompha locupletella 2
Mother of Pearl 5
Mother Shipton 47
Mottled Beauty 1
Mottled Umber 2
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 14
Nemophora degeerella 13
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Northern Eggar 5
Northern Spinach 2
Northern Winter Moth 5
November Moth agg. 5
Oak Nycteoline 1
Old Lady Moth 0
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Orange Swift 1
Orange Underwing 2
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Pale-brindled Beauty 3
Pale Tussock 1
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pandemis cerasana 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phoenix 1
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Purple Bar 5
Purple-bordered Gold 2
Pyrausta aurata 4
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Pyrausta purpuralis 7
Pyrausta nigrata 0
Red Carpet 2
Red-green Carpet 1
Red-necked Footman 3
Red-tipped Clearwing 0
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Red Underwing 1
Riband Wave 5
Ruby Tiger 5
Sallow 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Scarce Umber 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Scoparia pyralella 2
Scrobipalpa acuminatella 0
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Shaded Broad-bar 37
Silver Hook 14
Silver Y 363
Silver-ground Carpet 35
Six-spot Burnet 98
Slender Pug 1
Small Argent and Sable 2
Small Dusty Wave 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Small Magpie 3
Small Phoenix 2
Snout 4
Speckled Yellow 79
Spring Usher 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Straw Dot 15
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Syndemis musculana 2
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Torticoides alternella 6
Triangle Plume 1
Treble-bar 8
True Lover's Knot 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Udea lutealis 15
Udea olivalis 1
Vapourer 3
White Ermine 2
White Pinion-spotted 1
White Plume Moth 1
Willow Beauty 1
Winter Moth 8
Wood Tiger 1
Yellow Shell 23
Yellow-tail 3
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Zeiraphera isertana 1

Total number of moth sightings: 1825.