Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Mountain Ringlet 25 May 2020
White-letter Hairstreak 25 May 2020
Large Skipper 25 May 2020
Northern Brown Argus 25 May 2020
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 18 May 2020
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 11 May 2020
Dark Green Fritillary 11 May 2020
Marsh Fritillary 11 May 2020
Small Blue 04 May 2020
Small Heath 27 Apr 2020
Dingy Skipper 27 Apr 2020
Wall Brown 27 Apr 2020
Duke of Burgundy 27 Apr 2020
Small Copper 20 Apr 2020
Common Blue 13 Apr 2020
Green Hairstreak 06 Apr 2020
Red Admiral 06 Apr 2020
Holly Blue 06 Apr 2020
Orange-tip 06 Apr 2020
Green-veined White 06 Apr 2020
Small White 23 Mar 2020
Speckled Wood 23 Mar 2020
Painted Lady 23 Mar 2020
Large White 23 Mar 2020
Comma 02 Mar 2020
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Micropterix aureatella 25 May 2020
Pyrausta purpuralis 25 May 2020
Eulia ministrana 25 May 2020
Mottled Umber 25 May 2020
Brimstone Moth 25 May 2020
White Ermine 25 May 2020
Esperia sulphurella 18 May 2020
Drinker 18 May 2020
Cream Wave 18 May 2020
Chimney Sweeper 18 May 2020
Yellow Shell 18 May 2020
Burnet Companion 18 May 2020
Six-spot Burnet 18 May 2020
Scoparia pyralella 18 May 2020
Silver-ground Carpet 11 May 2020
Green Carpet 11 May 2020
Currant Pug 11 May 2020
Cinnabar 11 May 2020
Cauchas rufimitrella 04 May 2020
Angle Shades 04 May 2020
Common Carpet 04 May 2020
Speckled Yellow 04 May 2020
Brown Silver-line 04 May 2020
Mother Shipton 04 May 2020
Emperor Moth 06 Apr 2020
Hebrew Character 30 Mar 2020
Silver Y 23 Mar 2020
Ruby Tiger 02 Mar 2020
Agonopterix arenella 17 Feb 2020
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020
Satellite 30 Dec 2019

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Small Tortoiseshell 1898
Peacock 1821
Red Admiral 1785
Speckled Wood 1543
Green-veined White 1393
Orange-tip 1146
Painted Lady 1120
Meadow Brown 1071
Small White 879
Small Heath 874
Large White 824
Common Blue 815
Comma 713
Ringlet 670
Brimstone 611
Small Skipper 533
Wall Brown 518
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 468
Small Copper 441
Dark Green Fritillary 427
Large Skipper 419
Gatekeeper 347
Holly Blue 309
Dingy Skipper 306
Green Hairstreak 271
Northern Brown Argus 268
Grayling 246
High Brown Fritillary 166
Scotch Argus 155
Silver-washed Fritillary 154
Mountain Ringlet 144
Small Blue 129
Large Heath 113
Purple Hairstreak 101
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 86
White-letter Hairstreak 77
Duke of Burgundy 72
Marsh Fritillary 62
Clouded Yellow 17
Brown Hairstreak 4

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 22996.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Silver Y 490
Chimney Sweeper 185
Cinnabar 148
Six-spot Burnet 140
Speckled Yellow 103
Brown Silver-line 78
Mother Shipton 68
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 65
Common Carpet 58
Common Heath 50
Silver-ground Carpet 49
Burnet Companion 46
Shaded Broad-bar 44
Large Yellow Underwing 38
Yellow Shell 36
Clouded Buff 23
Brown China-mark 22
Straw Dot 21
Anania Funebris 21
Udea lutealis 20
Angle Shades 18
Clouded Border 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Fox Moth 16
Emperor Moth 16
Latticed Heath 15
Antler Moth 15
Drinker 15
Silver Hook 15
Brimstone Moth 15
Elephant Hawkmoth 14
Green Carpet 13
Winter Moth 13
Nemophora degeerella 13
Evergestis pallidata 13
Spring Usher 11
Northern Winter Moth 10
Common Marbled Carpet 9
Pyrausta purpuralis 9
Ruby Tiger 8
Mother of Pearl 8
Garden Carpet 8
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Treble-bar 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Magpie 7
Mottled Umber 7
Northern Eggar 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Forester 6
Flame Carpet 6
Micropterix aureatella 6
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Purple Bar 5
November Moth agg. 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Riband Wave 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Argent and Sable 5
Grass Wave 5
Esperia sulphurella 5
Light Emerald 5
Garden Tiger 4
Grey Dagger 4
Pyrausta aurata 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Gold Spangle 4
July Highflyer 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Lathronympha strigana 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Small Magpie 4
Buff-tip 4
Chrysoteuchia culmella 4
Scoparia pyralella 4
Scarce Umber 4
Brindled Pug 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Adela reamurella 4
Yellow-tail 4
White Ermine 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Common Wave 4
Snout 4
Red-green Carpet 4
Common White Wave 4
July Belle 4
Agriphila tristella 3
Alder Moth 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Galium Carpet 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Gold Swift 3
Vapourer 3
Devon Carpet 3
Garden Pebble 3
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Orange Underwing 3
Crambus perlella 3
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Northern Spinach 3
Pale Tussock 3
Large Emerald 3
Red-necked Footman 3
Lead Belle 3
Burnished Brass 3
Wood Tiger 3
Cream Wave 3
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Zeiraphera isertana 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Least Black Arches 2
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Willow Beauty 2
Little Emerald 2
Triangle Plume 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Satellite 2
Orange Swift 2
Oak Eggar 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Red Carpet 2
Small Phoenix 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Cydia splendana 2
Clouded Silver 2
Common Plume 2
Common Footman 2
Dark Arches 2
Dark Tussock 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Ear Moth agg. 2
Dotted Border 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Buff Footman 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Ancylis badiana 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Blood Vein 2
Blastobasis adustella 2
Eudemis profundana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Ghost Moth 2
Herald 2
Heart and Dart 2
Gold Spot 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Hebrew Character 2
Least Minor 1
Broad-barred White 1
Lesser Yellow Underwing 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Green Pug 1
Brick 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Grey Chi 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Common Lutestring 1
Grass Emerald 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Clouded Magpie 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Cauchas rufimitrella 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Slender Pug 1
The Spectacle 1
The Streak 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
White Plume Moth 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Agonopterix arenella 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Acleris emargana 1
Common Swift 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Barred Straw 1
Adela cuprella 1
Udea olivalis 1
Knot Grass 1
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Argyresthia goedartella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Common Wainscot 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Early Thorn 1
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene aurana 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Elachista argentella 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Eucosma cana 1
Mottled Grey 1
Mottled Beauty 1
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Dun-bar 1
Phiaris palustrana 1
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Red Underwing 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Currant Pug 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Grapholita compositella 1
Eulia ministrana 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Clouded Drab 1
Sallow 1
Marbled Beauty 1
Pyrausta cingulata 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Dotted Clay 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Phoenix 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Psyche casta 1
March moth 1
Dingy Footman 1
Ditula angustiorana 1
Marsh Pug 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1

Total number of moth species: 267. Number of sightings: 2504.