Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Common Blue 13 Apr 2020
Comma 02 Mar 2020
Dark Green Fritillary 11 May 2020
Dingy Skipper 27 Apr 2020
Duke of Burgundy 27 Apr 2020
Gatekeeper 29 Jun 2020
Grayling 01 Jun 2020
Green Hairstreak 06 Apr 2020
Green-veined White 06 Apr 2020
High Brown Fritillary 15 Jun 2020
Holly Blue 23 Mar 2020
Large Heath 01 Jun 2020
Large Skipper 25 May 2020
Large White 06 Apr 2020
Marsh Fritillary 11 May 2020
Meadow Brown 01 Jun 2020
Mountain Ringlet 25 May 2020
Northern Brown Argus 25 May 2020
Orange-tip 06 Apr 2020
Painted Lady 23 Mar 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 18 May 2020
Purple Hairstreak 15 Jun 2020
Red Admiral 06 Apr 2020
Ringlet 08 Jun 2020
Silver-washed Fritillary 08 Jun 2020
Small Blue 04 May 2020
Small Copper 20 Apr 2020
Small Heath 27 Apr 2020
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 11 May 2020
Small Skipper 01 Jun 2020
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Small White 23 Mar 2020
Speckled Wood 06 Apr 2020
Wall Brown 27 Apr 2020
White-letter Hairstreak 25 May 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Agonopterix arenella 17 Feb 2020
Angle Shades 04 May 2020
Bilberry Pug 15 Jun 2020
Brimstone Moth 25 May 2020
Brown Silver-line 04 May 2020
Burnet Companion 18 May 2020
Cauchas rufimitrella 04 May 2020
Celypha lacunana 06 Jul 2020
Chimney Sweeper 18 May 2020
Chrysoteuchia culmella 22 Jun 2020
Cinnabar 11 May 2020
Cistus Forester 15 Jun 2020
Clouded Buff 25 May 2020
Clouded Magpie 08 Jun 2020
Common Carpet 04 May 2020
Common Heath 25 May 2020
Common Marbled Carpet 01 Jun 2020
Common Plume 01 Jun 2020
Clouded Border 29 Jun 2020
Cream Wave 18 May 2020
Currant Pug 11 May 2020
Ditula angustiorana 29 Jun 2020
Drinker 18 May 2020
Elachista albifrontella 08 Jun 2020
Elephant Hawkmoth 01 Jun 2020
Emperor Moth 06 Apr 2020
Esperia sulphurella 18 May 2020
Eudemis profundana 06 Jul 2020
Eudonia lacustrata 06 Jul 2020
Eulia ministrana 25 May 2020
Forester 25 May 2020
Garden Carpet 15 Jun 2020
Gold Swift 15 Jun 2020
Grass Wave 01 Jun 2020
Green Carpet 11 May 2020
Hebrew Character 30 Mar 2020
Hedya pruniana 08 Jun 2020
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 08 Jun 2020
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 08 Jun 2020
Knot Grass 06 Jul 2020
Large Yellow Underwing 15 Jun 2020
Lathronympha strigana 01 Jun 2020
Latticed Heath 01 Jun 2020
Light Emerald 15 Jun 2020
Magpie 15 Jun 2020
Marbled Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Micropterix aureatella 25 May 2020
Mother Shipton 04 May 2020
Mottled Beauty 08 Jun 2020
Mottled Umber 25 May 2020
Mullein 01 Jun 2020
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 06 Jul 2020
Nemophora degeerella 01 Jun 2020
Notocelia cynosbatella 08 Jun 2020
Notocelia uddmanniana 01 Jun 2020
Orthotaenia undulana 15 Jun 2020
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020
Phiaris palustrana 08 Jun 2020
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 29 Jun 2020
Pyrausta cingulata 08 Jun 2020
Pyrausta purpuralis 25 May 2020
Red-necked Footman 08 Jun 2020
Red Twin-spot Carpet 25 May 2020
Ruby Tiger 02 Mar 2020
Satellite 30 Dec 2019
Scoparia pyralella 18 May 2020
Shaded Broad-bar 15 Jun 2020
Silver Y 13 Apr 2020
Silver-ground Carpet 11 May 2020
Six-spot Burnet 18 May 2020
Small Magpie 01 Jun 2020
Speckled Yellow 04 May 2020
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020
Straw Dot 22 Jun 2020
Thistle Ermine 08 Jun 2020
Twin-spot Carpet 29 Jun 2020
White Ermine 25 May 2020
Willow Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Wood Tiger 01 Jun 2020
Yellow Shell 18 May 2020
Yponomeuta cagnagella 01 Jun 2020
Zeiraphera isertana 06 Jul 2020

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brimstone 619
Brown Hairstreak 4
Common Blue 873
Clouded Yellow 17
Comma 722
Dark Green Fritillary 478
Dingy Skipper 316
Duke of Burgundy 73
Gatekeeper 350
Grayling 258
Green Hairstreak 272
Green-veined White 1429
High Brown Fritillary 175
Holly Blue 314
Large Heath 129
Large Skipper 497
Large White 859
Marsh Fritillary 69
Meadow Brown 1179
Mountain Ringlet 153
Northern Brown Argus 293
Orange-tip 1174
Painted Lady 1135
Peacock 1839
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 86
Purple Hairstreak 102
Red Admiral 1879
Ringlet 748
Scotch Argus 155
Silver-washed Fritillary 157
Small Blue 133
Small Copper 449
Small Heath 953
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 529
Small Skipper 569
Small Tortoiseshell 2051
Small White 907
Speckled Wood 1616
Wall Brown 526
White-letter Hairstreak 82

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 24169.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Acleris emargana 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Adela reamurella 4
Aethes cnicana 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix arenella 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Agriphila tristella 3
Alder Moth 3
Anacampsis populella 1
Anania Funebris 21
Ancylis badiana 2
Angle Shades 19
Antler Moth 15
Apotomis turbidana 4
Argent and Sable 5
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Argyresthia goedartella 1
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Barred Straw 1
Batracherda preangusta 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Bilberry Pug 1
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Blastobasis adustella 2
Blood Vein 2
Bordered Beauty 1
Brick 1
Brimstone Moth 17
Brindled Pug 4
Broad-barred White 1
Brown China-mark 22
Brown Silver-line 87
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Buff Footman 2
Buff-tip 4
Burnet Companion 53
Burnished Brass 3
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Catoptria margaritella 2
Cauchas fibulella 1
Cauchas rufimitrella 1
Celypha lacunana 2
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Chimney Sweeper 246
Chrysoteuchia culmella 5
Cinnabar 166
Cistus Forester 1
Clouded Buff 29
Clouded Magpie 3
Common Carpet 60
Common Footman 2
Common Heath 55
Common Lutestring 1
Common Marbled Carpet 11
Common Plume 4
Common Rustic agg. 1
Common Swift 1
Common Wainscot 1
Common Wave 4
Common White Wave 4
Clouded Border 20
Clouded Drab 1
Clouded Silver 2
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Crambus pascuella 5
Crambus perlella 3
Cream Wave 3
Currant Pug 1
Cydia splendana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Dark Arches 2
Dark Tussock 2
Devon Carpet 3
Dingy Footman 1
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Ditula angustiorana 2
Diurnea fagella 4
Dotted Border 2
Dotted Clay 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Drinker 16
Dun-bar 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Ear Moth agg. 2
Early Thorn 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista albifrontella 1
Elachista argentella 1
Elephant Hawkmoth 17
Emperor Moth 18
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Epinotia tenerana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Esperia sulphurella 5
Eucosma cana 1
Eudemis profundana 3
Eudonia lacustrata 2
Eulia ministrana 1
Evergestis pallidata 13
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Flame Carpet 6
Forester 8
Four-dotted Footman 4
Foxglove Pug 1
Fox Moth 16
Galium Carpet 3
Garden Carpet 9
Garden Pebble 3
Garden Tiger 4
Ghost Moth 2
Gold Spangle 4
Gold Spot 2
Gold Swift 5
Grapholita compositella 1
Grass Emerald 1
Grass Wave 6
Green Carpet 13
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Green Pug 1
Grey Chi 1
Grey Dagger 4
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Heart and Dart 2
Hebrew Character 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Hedya pruniana 2
Herald 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 3
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 69
Incurvaria praelatella 1
July Belle 4
July Highflyer 4
Knot Grass 2
Large Emerald 3
Large Yellow Underwing 40
Lathronympha strigana 6
Latticed Heath 18
Lead Belle 3
Least Black Arches 2
Least Minor 1
Lesser Yellow Underwing 1
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Light Emerald 6
Little Emerald 2
Magpie 8
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Marbled Beauty 2
March moth 1
Marsh Pug 1
Micropterix aureatella 7
Micropterix calthella 2
Middle-barred Minor 1
Mompha locupletella 2
Mother of Pearl 8
Mother Shipton 69
Mottled Beauty 2
Mottled Grey 1
Mottled Umber 7
Mullein 2
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 3
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Nemophora degeerella 16
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Northern Eggar 7
Northern Spinach 3
Northern Winter Moth 10
Notocelia cynosbatella 1
Notocelia uddmanniana 1
November Moth agg. 5
Oak Eggar 2
Oak Nycteoline 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Orange Swift 2
Orange Underwing 3
Orthotaenia undulana 2
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Pale Tussock 3
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Pandemis cerasana 2
Phiaris palustrana 3
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phoenix 1
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 2
Psyche casta 1
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Purple Bar 5
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Pyrausta aurata 4
Pyrausta cingulata 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Pyrausta purpuralis 9
Red Carpet 2
Red-green Carpet 4
Red-necked Footman 5
Red Twin-spot Carpet 2
Red Underwing 1
Riband Wave 5
Ruby Tiger 8
Sallow 1
Satellite 2
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Scarce Umber 4
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Scoparia pyralella 5
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Shaded Broad-bar 48
Silver Hook 15
Silver Y 524
Silver-ground Carpet 57
Six-spot Burnet 149
Slender Pug 1
Small Argent and Sable 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Small Fan-foot 1
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Small Magpie 5
Small Phoenix 2
Snout 4
Speckled Yellow 104
Spring Usher 11
Spruce Carpet 4
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Straw Dot 25
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Syndemis musculana 3
Tawny-barred Angle 1
The Spectacle 1
The Streak 1
Thistle Ermine 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Torticoides alternella 8
Triangle Plume 2
Treble-bar 8
True Lover's Knot 3
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Twin-spot Carpet 7
Udea lutealis 20
Udea olivalis 1
Vapourer 3
White Ermine 4
White Pinion-spotted 1
White Plume Moth 1
Willow Beauty 3
Winter Moth 13
Wood Tiger 4
Wormwood Pug 1
Yellow Shell 47
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Yellow-tail 4
Yponomeuta cagnagella 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Zeiraphera isertana 3

Total number of moth species: 277. Number of sightings: 2761.