Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brown Hairstreak 8
Clouded Yellow 17
Marsh Fritillary 56
Duke of Burgundy 70
White-letter Hairstreak 77
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 85
Purple Hairstreak 102
Small Blue 112
Large Heath 113
Mountain Ringlet 143
Silver-washed Fritillary 154
Scotch Argus 156
High Brown Fritillary 166
Green Hairstreak 238
Grayling 246
Northern Brown Argus 266
Dingy Skipper 267
Holly Blue 280
Gatekeeper 349
Large Skipper 416
Dark Green Fritillary 423
Small Copper 425
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 437
Wall Brown 488
Small Skipper 534
Brimstone 535
Ringlet 670
Comma 670
Large White 781
Common Blue 784
Small Heath 802
Small White 826
Orange-tip 908
Meadow Brown 1076
Painted Lady 1125
Green-veined White 1313
Speckled Wood 1453
Peacock 1592
Small Tortoiseshell 1712
Red Admiral 1756

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 21631.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Oak Nycteoline 1
Ditula angustiorana 1
Dingy Footman 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Dotted Clay 1
Ear Moth agg. 1
Early Thorn 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Dun-bar 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Pammene aurana 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Phoenix 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Common Wainscot 1
Common Swift 1
Clouded Drab 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Phiaris palustrana 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Knot Grass 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Least Minor 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Hebrew Character 1
Grass Emerald 1
Green Pug 1
Grapholita compositella 1
Grey Chi 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Marbled Beauty 1
March moth 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Mottled Beauty 1
Mottled Grey 1
Elachista argentella 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Marsh Pug 1
Eucosma cana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Barred Straw 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Udea olivalis 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
White Plume Moth 1
The Streak 1
The Spectacle 1
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Brick 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Psyche casta 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Broad-barred White 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Sallow 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Satellite 1
Red Underwing 1
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Common Lutestring 1
Pyrausta cingulata 1
Clouded Magpie 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Slender Pug 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Herald 2
Red Carpet 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Zeiraphera isertana 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Least Black Arches 2
Small Phoenix 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Willow Beauty 2
Orange Swift 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Oak Eggar 2
Triangle Plume 2
Little Emerald 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Clouded Silver 2
Cream Wave 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Common Plume 2
Dotted Border 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Cydia splendana 2
Eudemis profundana 2
Dark Tussock 2
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Dark Arches 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Common Footman 2
Ancylis badiana 2
Ghost Moth 2
Blastobasis adustella 2
Gold Spot 2
Buff Footman 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Blood Vein 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Orange Underwing 3
Red-green Carpet 3
Vapourer 3
White Ermine 3
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Northern Spinach 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Crambus perlella 3
Scoparia pyralella 3
Burnished Brass 3
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Red-necked Footman 3
Scarce Umber 3
Pale Tussock 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Devon Carpet 3
Wood Tiger 3
Large Emerald 3
Garden Pebble 3
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Galium Carpet 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Alder Moth 3
Heart and Dart 3
Gold Swift 3
Lead Belle 3
Pyrausta aurata 4
Chrysoteuchia culmella 4
Lathronympha strigana 4
Adela reamurella 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Small Magpie 4
Brindled Pug 4
Grey Dagger 4
Gold Spangle 4
July Belle 4
Buff-tip 4
Garden Tiger 4
July Highflyer 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Pale-brindled Beauty 4
Micropterix aureatella 4
Esperia sulphurella 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Snout 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Yellow-tail 4
Common Wave 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Common White Wave 4
Purple Bar 5
November Moth agg. 5
Grass Wave 5
Light Emerald 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Argent and Sable 5
Riband Wave 5
Forester 6
Flame Carpet 6
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Mottled Umber 6
Ruby Tiger 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Magpie 7
Northern Eggar 7
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Garden Carpet 8
Treble-bar 8
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Mother of Pearl 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Spring Usher 9
Common Marbled Carpet 9
Northern Winter Moth 10
Winter Moth 12
Green Carpet 12
Evergestis pallidata 13
Nemophora degeerella 13
Elephant Hawkmoth 14
Drinker 14
Emperor Moth 14
Brimstone Moth 14
Silver Hook 15
Antler Moth 15
Latticed Heath 15
Fox Moth 16
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Clouded Border 17
Angle Shades 17
Udea lutealis 20
Straw Dot 21
Anania Funebris 21
Brown China-mark 22
Clouded Buff 23
Yellow Shell 35
Large Yellow Underwing 40
Burnet Companion 43
Shaded Broad-bar 44
Silver-ground Carpet 46
Common Heath 50
Common Carpet 51
Mother Shipton 57
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 65
Brown Silver-line 74
Speckled Yellow 96
Cinnabar 135
Six-spot Burnet 137
Chimney Sweeper 179
Silver Y 488

Total number of moth species: 258. Number of sightings: 2414.