Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020
Satellite 30 Dec 2019
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brimstone 533
Brown Hairstreak 4
Clouded Yellow 17
Comma 666
Common Blue 783
Dark Green Fritillary 424
Dingy Skipper 267
Duke of Burgundy 70
Gatekeeper 347
Grayling 246
Green Hairstreak 238
Green-veined White 1311
High Brown Fritillary 166
Holly Blue 279
Large Heath 113
Large Skipper 415
Large White 776
Marsh Fritillary 56
Meadow Brown 1071
Mountain Ringlet 142
Northern Brown Argus 263
Orange-tip 906
Painted Lady 1115
Peacock 1587
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 85
Purple Hairstreak 101
Red Admiral 1753
Ringlet 670
Scotch Argus 155
Silver-washed Fritillary 154
Small Blue 112
Small Copper 424
Small Heath 801
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 437
Small Skipper 533
Small Tortoiseshell 1705
Small White 823
Speckled Wood 1450
Wall Brown 488
White-letter Hairstreak 76

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 21562.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Acleris emargana 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Adela reamurella 4
Aethes cnicana 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Agriphila tristella 3
Alder Moth 3
Anacampsis populella 1
Anania Funebris 21
Ancylis badiana 2
Angle Shades 17
Antler Moth 15
Apotomis turbidana 4
Argent and Sable 5
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Argyresthia goedartella 1
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Barred Straw 1
Batracherda preangusta 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Blastobasis adustella 2
Blood Vein 2
Bordered Beauty 1
Brick 1
Brimstone Moth 14
Brindled Pug 4
Broad-barred White 1
Brown China-mark 22
Brown Silver-line 74
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Buff Footman 2
Buff-tip 4
Burnet Companion 43
Burnished Brass 3
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Catoptria margaritella 2
Cauchas fibulella 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Chimney Sweeper 179
Chrysoteuchia culmella 4
Cinnabar 135
Clouded Border 17
Clouded Buff 23
Clouded Drab 1
Clouded Magpie 1
Clouded Silver 2
Common Carpet 51
Common Footman 2
Common Heath 50
Common Lutestring 1
Common Marbled Carpet 9
Common Plume 2
Common Rustic agg. 1
Common Swift 1
Common Wainscot 1
Common Wave 4
Common White Wave 4
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Crambus pascuella 5
Crambus perlella 3
Cream Wave 2
Cydia splendana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Dark Arches 2
Dark Tussock 2
Devon Carpet 3
Dingy Footman 1
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Ditula angustiorana 1
Diurnea fagella 4
Dotted Border 2
Dotted Clay 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Drinker 14
Dun-bar 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Ear Moth agg. 2
Early Thorn 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista argentella 1
Elephant Hawkmoth 14
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Emperor Moth 14
Epagoge grotiana 1
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Epinotia tenerana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Esperia sulphurella 4
Eucosma cana 1
Eudemis profundana 2
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Evergestis pallidata 13
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Flame Carpet 6
Forester 6
Four-dotted Footman 4
Fox Moth 16
Foxglove Pug 1
Galium Carpet 3
Garden Carpet 8
Garden Pebble 3
Garden Tiger 4
Ghost Moth 2
Gold Spangle 4
Gold Spot 2
Gold Swift 3
Grapholita compositella 1
Grass Emerald 1
Grass Wave 5
Green Carpet 12
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Green Pug 1
Grey Chi 1
Grey Dagger 4
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Heart and Dart 2
Hebrew Character 1
Hedya nubiferana 2
Herald 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 65
Incurvaria praelatella 1
July Belle 4
July Highflyer 4
Knot Grass 1
Large Emerald 3
Large Yellow Underwing 38
Lathronympha strigana 4
Latticed Heath 15
Lead Belle 3
Least Black Arches 2
Least Minor 1
Lesser Yellow Underwing 1
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Light Emerald 5
Little Emerald 2
Magpie 7
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Marbled Beauty 1
March moth 1
Marsh Pug 1
Micropterix aureatella 4
Micropterix calthella 2
Middle-barred Minor 1
Mompha locupletella 2
Mother Shipton 57
Mother of Pearl 8
Mottled Beauty 1
Mottled Grey 1
Mottled Umber 6
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 2
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Nemophora degeerella 13
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Northern Eggar 7
Northern Spinach 3
Northern Winter Moth 10
November Moth agg. 5
Oak Eggar 2
Oak Nycteoline 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Orange Swift 2
Orange Underwing 3
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Pale Tussock 3
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Pandemis cerasana 2
Phiaris palustrana 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phoenix 1
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Psyche casta 1
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Purple Bar 5
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Pyrausta aurata 4
Pyrausta cingulata 1
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Red Carpet 2
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Red Underwing 1
Red-green Carpet 4
Red-necked Footman 3
Riband Wave 5
Ruby Tiger 7
Sallow 1
Satellite 2
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Scarce Umber 4
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Scoparia pyralella 3
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Shaded Broad-bar 44
Silver Hook 15
Silver Y 485
Silver-ground Carpet 46
Six-spot Burnet 137
Slender Pug 1
Small Argent and Sable 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Small Fan-foot 1
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Small Magpie 4
Small Phoenix 2
Snout 4
Speckled Yellow 96
Spring Usher 11
Spruce Carpet 4
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Straw Dot 21
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Syndemis musculana 3
Tawny-barred Angle 1
The Spectacle 1
The Streak 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Torticoides alternella 8
Treble-bar 8
Triangle Plume 2
True Lover's Knot 3
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Udea lutealis 20
Udea olivalis 1
Vapourer 3
White Ermine 3
White Pinion-spotted 1
White Plume Moth 1
Willow Beauty 2
Winter Moth 13
Wood Tiger 3
Wormwood Pug 1
Yellow Shell 35
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Yellow-tail 4
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Zeiraphera isertana 2

Total number of moth species: 263. Number of sightings: 2421.