Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2021

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Brown Hairstreak 18 Jan 2021
Comma 18 Jan 2021
Green Hairstreak 11 Jan 2021
Moth Name Week of First Sighting

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brimstone 645
Brown Hairstreak 9
Clouded Yellow 17
Comma 809
Common Blue 920
Dark Green Fritillary 520
Dingy Skipper 316
Duke of Burgundy 74
Gatekeeper 400
Grayling 294
Green Hairstreak 272
Green-veined White 1512
High Brown Fritillary 182
Holly Blue 331
Large Heath 130
Large Skipper 504
Large White 960
Marsh Fritillary 69
Meadow Brown 1328
Mountain Ringlet 154
Northern Brown Argus 304
Orange-tip 1174
Painted Lady 1160
Peacock 1983
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 86
Purple Hairstreak 112
Red Admiral 2159
Ringlet 798
Scotch Argus 189
Silver-washed Fritillary 168
Small Blue 145
Small Copper 504
Small Heath 990
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 529
Small Skipper 653
Small Tortoiseshell 2329
Small White 1035
Speckled Wood 1801
Wall Brown 574
White-letter Hairstreak 88

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 26227.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Acleris sparsana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Adela reamurella 4
Aethes cnicana 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Agriphila tristella 3
Alder Moth 4
Anacampsis populella 1
Anania Funebris 21
Ancylis badiana 5
Angle Shades 20
Antler Moth 25
Apotomis turbidana 4
Argent and Sable 5
Argyresthia brockeella 3
Argyresthia geodartella 4
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Barred Straw 1
Batracherda preangusta 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Blastobasis adustella 3
Blood Vein 2
Brick 1
Brimstone Moth 17
Brindled Pug 4
Broad-barred White 1
Brown China-mark 23
Brown Silver-line 87
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Buff Footman 3
Buff-tip 4
Burnet Companion 53
Burnished Brass 3
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Catoptria margaritella 2
Cauchas fibulella 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Chimney Sweeper 246
Chrysoteuchia culmella 5
Cinnabar 167
Cistus Forester 1
Clouded Border 22
Clouded Buff 29
Clouded Drab 1
Clouded Magpie 3
Clouded Silver 2
Common Carpet 65
Common Heath 55
Common Lutestring 1
Common Marbled Carpet 12
Common Plume 4
Common Swift 1
Common Wave 5
Common White Wave 4
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Crambus pascuella 5
Crambus perlella 3
Cream Wave 4
Cydia splendana 3
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Dark Arches 2
Devon Carpet 3
Dingy Footman 1
Diplodoma laichartingella 8
Ditula angustiorana 2
Diurnea fagella 4
Dotted Clay 1
Drinker 17
Dun-bar 3
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Ear Moth agg. 3
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista argentella 1
Elephant Hawkmoth 17
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Emperor Moth 18
Epagoge grotiana 1
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Epinotia ramella 4
Epinotia tenerana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Esperia sulphurella 5
Eucosma cana 1
Eudemis profundana 3
Eudonia lacustrata 2
Evergestis pallidata 14
Eyed Hawkmoth 2
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Flame Carpet 7
Forester 8
Four-dotted Footman 4
Fox Moth 16
Foxglove Pug 1
Galium Carpet 3
Garden Carpet 9
Garden Pebble 3
Garden Tiger 4
Ghost Moth 2
Gold Spangle 4
Gold Spot 2
Gold Swift 5
Grapholita compositella 2
Grass Emerald 1
Grass Wave 6
Green Carpet 15
Green Pug 1
Grey Chi 2
Grey Dagger 6
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Heart and Dart 2
Hebrew Character 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Herald 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 3
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 75
Incurvaria praelatella 1
July Belle 4
July Highflyer 6
Knot Grass 5
Large Emerald 3
Large Yellow Underwing 52
Lathronympha strigana 6
Latticed Heath 17
Lead Belle 3
Least Black Arches 2
Least Minor 1
Light Brown Apple Moth 3
Light Emerald 7
Little Emerald 2
Magpie 13
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Marbled Beauty 2
March moth 1
Marsh Pug 1
Micropterix aureatella 7
Micropterix calthella 2
Middle-barred Minor 1
Mompha locupletella 4
Mother Shipton 69
Mother of Pearl 10
Mottled Beauty 2
Mottled Umber 7
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Nemophora degeerella 16
Nettle-tap Moth 7
Northern Eggar 7
Northern Spinach 4
Northern Winter Moth 11
November Moth agg. 5
Oak Eggar 2
Oak Nycteoline 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Orange Swift 2
Orange Underwing 3
Orthotaenia undulana 2
Pale Tussock 3
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pandemis cerasana 2
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phoenix 1
Pink-barred Sallow 5
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Purple Bar 7
Purple-bordered Gold 4
Pyrausta aurata 5
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Pyrausta purpuralis 10
Red Carpet 2
Red Twin-spot Carpet 2
Red Underwing 1
Red-green Carpet 4
Red-necked Footman 5
Riband Wave 5
Ruby Tiger 9
Sallow 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Scarce Umber 4
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Scoparia pyralella 5
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Shaded Broad-bar 60
Silver Hook 15
Silver Y 595
Silver-ground Carpet 58
Six-spot Burnet 157
Slender Pug 1
Small Argent and Sable 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Small Fan-foot 1
Small Fan-footed Wave 4
Small Magpie 5
Small Phoenix 2
Snout 4
Speckled Yellow 104
Spring Usher 11
Spruce Carpet 4
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Straw Dot 26
Swallow-tail Moth 2
Syndemis musculana 3
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Torticoides alternella 8
Treble-bar 9
Triangle Plume 2
True Lover's Knot 3
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Twin-spot Carpet 8
Udea lutealis 21
Udea olivalis 1
Vapourer 3
White Ermine 4
White Pinion-spotted 1
White Plume Moth 1
Willow Beauty 3
Winter Moth 16
Wood Tiger 4
Wormwood Pug 1
Yellow Shell 49
Yellow-tail 4
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Ypsolopha parenthesella 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Zeiraphera isertana 3

Total number of moth species: 238. Number of sightings: 2903.