Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Brown Hairstreak 27 Jul 2020
Comma 02 Mar 2020
Common Blue 13 Apr 2020
Dark Green Fritillary 11 May 2020
Dingy Skipper 27 Apr 2020
Duke of Burgundy 27 Apr 2020
Gatekeeper 29 Jun 2020
Grayling 01 Jun 2020
Green Hairstreak 06 Apr 2020
Green-veined White 06 Apr 2020
High Brown Fritillary 15 Jun 2020
Holly Blue 23 Mar 2020
Large Heath 01 Jun 2020
Large Skipper 25 May 2020
Large White 06 Apr 2020
Marsh Fritillary 11 May 2020
Meadow Brown 01 Jun 2020
Mountain Ringlet 25 May 2020
Northern Brown Argus 25 May 2020
Orange-tip 06 Apr 2020
Painted Lady 23 Mar 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 18 May 2020
Purple Hairstreak 15 Jun 2020
Red Admiral 06 Apr 2020
Ringlet 08 Jun 2020
Scotch Argus 27 Jul 2020
Silver-washed Fritillary 08 Jun 2020
Small Blue 04 May 2020
Small Copper 20 Apr 2020
Small Heath 27 Apr 2020
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 11 May 2020
Small Skipper 01 Jun 2020
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Small White 23 Mar 2020
Speckled Wood 06 Apr 2020
Wall Brown 27 Apr 2020
White-letter Hairstreak 25 May 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Acleris emargana 24 Aug 2020
Agonopterix arenella 17 Feb 2020
Alder Moth 17 Aug 2020
Ancylis badiana 27 Jul 2020
Angle Shades 04 May 2020
Antler Moth 20 Jul 2020
Archips xylosteana 13 Jul 2020
Argyresthia brockeella 27 Jul 2020
Argyresthia conjugella 15 Jun 2020
Argyresthia geodartella 20 Jul 2020
Argyresthia goedartella 27 Jul 2020
Bactra lancealana 17 Aug 2020
Batrachedra praeangusta 06 Jul 2020
Bilberry Pug 15 Jun 2020
Blastobasis adustella 27 Jul 2020
Brimstone Moth 25 May 2020
Brown China-mark 13 Jul 2020
Brown Silver-line 04 May 2020
Buff Footman 27 Jul 2020
Burnet Companion 18 May 2020
Carpatolechia decorella 24 Aug 2020
Cauchas rufimitrella 04 May 2020
Celypha lacunana 29 Jun 2020
Chimney Sweeper 18 May 2020
Chrysoteuchia culmella 22 Jun 2020
Cinnabar 11 May 2020
Cistus Forester 15 Jun 2020
Clouded Border 29 Jun 2020
Clouded Buff 25 May 2020
Clouded Magpie 08 Jun 2020
Common Carpet 04 May 2020
Common Footman 13 Jul 2020
Common Heath 25 May 2020
Common Marbled Carpet 01 Jun 2020
Common Plume 01 Jun 2020
Common Wave 10 Aug 2020
Cream Wave 18 May 2020
Currant Pug 11 May 2020
Cydia splendana 27 Jul 2020
Dichrorampha petiverella 06 Jul 2020
Ditula angustiorana 29 Jun 2020
Drinker 18 May 2020
Dun-bar 27 Jul 2020
Ear Moth agg. 24 Aug 2020
Elachista albifrontella 08 Jun 2020
Elephant Hawkmoth 01 Jun 2020
Emperor Moth 06 Apr 2020
Epinotia nisella 06 Jul 2020
Epinotia ramella 24 Aug 2020
Esperia sulphurella 18 May 2020
Eudemis profundana 06 Jul 2020
Eudonia lacustrata 06 Jul 2020
Eulia ministrana 25 May 2020
Evergestis pallidata 03 Aug 2020
Fan-foot 06 Jul 2020
Flame Carpet 24 Aug 2020
Forester 25 May 2020
Garden Carpet 15 Jun 2020
Gelechia sororculella 29 Jun 2020
Gold Swift 15 Jun 2020
Grapholita compositella 20 Jul 2020
Grass Wave 01 Jun 2020
Green Carpet 11 May 2020
Grey Chi 24 Aug 2020
Grey Dagger 17 Aug 2020
Gypsona sociana 29 Jun 2020
Hebrew Character 30 Mar 2020
Hedya pruniana 08 Jun 2020
Hedya salicella 06 Jul 2020
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 08 Jun 2020
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 08 Jun 2020
July Highflyer 20 Jul 2020
Knot Grass 06 Jul 2020
Large Yellow Underwing 15 Jun 2020
Lathronympha strigana 01 Jun 2020
Latticed Heath 01 Jun 2020
Lesser Yellow Underwing 17 Aug 2020
Lesser broad-bordered Yellow Underwing 03 Aug 2020
Light Brown Apple Moth 17 Aug 2020
Light Emerald 15 Jun 2020
Magpie 15 Jun 2020
Marbled Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Micropterix aureatella 25 May 2020
Mompha locupletella 17 Aug 2020
Mother Shipton 04 May 2020
Mother of Pearl 27 Jul 2020
Mottled Beauty 08 Jun 2020
Mottled Umber 25 May 2020
Mullein 01 Jun 2020
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 06 Jul 2020
Nemophora degeerella 01 Jun 2020
Nettle-tap Moth 31 Aug 2020
Northern Spinach 20 Jul 2020
Notocelia cynosbatella 08 Jun 2020
Notocelia uddmanniana 01 Jun 2020
Orthotaenia undulana 15 Jun 2020
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020
Pammene aurita 20 Jul 2020
Pammene populana 03 Aug 2020
Phiaris palustrana 08 Jun 2020
Phyllonorycter harrisella 27 Jul 2020
Pink-barred Sallow 14 Sep 2020
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 29 Jun 2020
Purple Bar 10 Aug 2020
Purple-bordered Gold 06 Jul 2020
Pyrausta aurata 03 Aug 2020
Pyrausta cingulata 08 Jun 2020
Pyrausta purpuralis 25 May 2020
Red Twin-spot Carpet 25 May 2020
Red-necked Footman 08 Jun 2020
Rhigognostis incarnatella 13 Jul 2020
Ruby Tiger 02 Mar 2020
Satellite 30 Dec 2019
Scalloped Oak 27 Jul 2020
Scoparia basistrigalis 06 Jul 2020
Scoparia pyralella 18 May 2020
Shaded Broad-bar 15 Jun 2020
Silver Y 13 Apr 2020
Silver-ground Carpet 11 May 2020
Six-spot Burnet 18 May 2020
Small Fan-footed Wave 20 Jul 2020
Small Magpie 01 Jun 2020
Speckled Yellow 04 May 2020
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020
Straw Dot 22 Jun 2020
Swallow-tail Moth 20 Jul 2020
Thistle Ermine 08 Jun 2020
Treble-bar 24 Aug 2020
Twin-spot Carpet 29 Jun 2020
Udea lutealis 03 Aug 2020
White Ermine 25 May 2020
Willow Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Wood Tiger 01 Jun 2020
Yellow Shell 18 May 2020
Yponomeuta cagnagella 01 Jun 2020
Zeiraphera isertana 06 Jul 2020

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brimstone 592
Brown Hairstreak 7
Clouded Yellow 16
Comma 744
Common Blue 878
Dark Green Fritillary 519
Dingy Skipper 270
Duke of Burgundy 63
Gatekeeper 375
Grayling 289
Green Hairstreak 243
Green-veined White 1352
High Brown Fritillary 180
Holly Blue 305
Large Heath 130
Large Skipper 503
Large White 869
Marsh Fritillary 68
Meadow Brown 1291
Mountain Ringlet 153
Northern Brown Argus 304
Orange-tip 1026
Painted Lady 1114
Peacock 1801
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 68
Purple Hairstreak 107
Red Admiral 1989
Ringlet 793
Scotch Argus 180
Silver-washed Fritillary 162
Small Blue 135
Small Copper 463
Small Heath 955
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 519
Small Skipper 638
Small Tortoiseshell 2190
Small White 943
Speckled Wood 1665
Wall Brown 510
White-letter Hairstreak 88

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 24497.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Acleris emargana 2
Acleris sparsana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Adela reamurella 3
Aethes cnicana 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix arenella 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Agriphila tristella 3
Alder Moth 4
Anacampsis populella 1
Anania Funebris 19
Ancylis badiana 5
Angle Shades 19
Antler Moth 27
Apotomis turbidana 3
Archips xylosteana 1
Argent and Sable 5
Argyresthia brockeella 3
Argyresthia conjugella 1
Argyresthia geodartella 4
Argyresthia goedartella 5
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Bactra lancealana 2
Barred Straw 1
Batrachedra praeangusta 1
Batracherda preangusta 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Bilberry Pug 1
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Blastobasis adustella 3
Blood Vein 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Brick 1
Brimstone Moth 17
Brindled Pug 3
Brown China-mark 23
Brown Silver-line 79
Brown-line Bright-eye 1
Buff Footman 3
Buff-tip 4
Burnet Companion 50
Burnished Brass 3
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Carpatolechia decorella 1
Catoptria margaritella 2
Cauchas fibulella 1
Cauchas rufimitrella 1
Celypha lacunana 5
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Chimney Sweeper 243
Chrysoteuchia culmella 5
Cinnabar 162
Cistus Forester 1
Clouded Border 20
Clouded Buff 29
Clouded Magpie 3
Clouded Silver 2
Common Carpet 52
Common Footman 3
Common Heath 51
Common Marbled Carpet 10
Common Plume 3
Common Rustic agg. 1
Common Wainscot 1
Common Wave 5
Common White Wave 4
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Crambus lathoniellus 3
Crambus pascuella 5
Crambus perlella 3
Cream Wave 4
Currant Pug 1
Cydia splendana 3
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Dark Arches 2
Dark Tussock 2
Devon Carpet 2
Dichrorampha petiverella 1
Dingy Footman 1
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Ditula angustiorana 2
Diurnea fagella 4
Dotted Border 2
Dotted Clay 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Drinker 16
Dun-bar 3
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Ear Moth agg. 3
Early Thorn 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista albifrontella 1
Elephant Hawkmoth 16
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Emperor Moth 17
Epagoge grotiana 1
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Epinotia nisella 3
Epinotia ramella 4
Epinotia tenerana 1
Esperia sulphurella 3
Eucosma cana 1
Eudemis profundana 3
Eudonia lacustrata 2
Eulia ministrana 1
Evergestis pallidata 12
Eyed Hawkmoth 2
Fan-foot 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Flame Carpet 7
Forester 8
Four-dotted Footman 4
Fox Moth 15
Foxglove Pug 1
Galium Carpet 3
Garden Carpet 8
Garden Pebble 3
Garden Tiger 4
Gelechia sororculella 1
Ghost Moth 2
Gold Spangle 4
Gold Spot 2
Gold Swift 5
Grapholita compositella 2
Grass Emerald 1
Grass Wave 6
Green Carpet 14
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Green Pug 1
Grey Chi 2
Grey Dagger 5
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Gypsona sociana 1
Heart and Dart 2
Hebrew Character 1
Hedya nubiferana 2
Hedya pruniana 2
Hedya salicella 1
Herald 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 3
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 75
Incurvaria praelatella 1
July Belle 4
July Highflyer 6
Knot Grass 5
Large Emerald 3
Large Yellow Underwing 51
Lathronympha strigana 6
Latticed Heath 17
Lead Belle 3
Least Black Arches 1
Least Minor 1
Lesser Yellow Underwing 2
Lesser broad-bordered Yellow Underwing 1
Light Brown Apple Moth 3
Light Emerald 6
Little Emerald 2
Magpie 13
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Marbled Beauty 2
March moth 1
Marsh Pug 1
Micropterix aureatella 7
Micropterix calthella 2
Middle-barred Minor 1
Mompha locupletella 3
Mother Shipton 61
Mother of Pearl 10
Mottled Beauty 2
Mottled Grey 1
Mottled Umber 7
Mullein 2
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 3
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Nemophora degeerella 13
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Northern Eggar 7
Northern Spinach 4
Northern Winter Moth 10
Notocelia cynosbatella 1
Notocelia uddmanniana 1
November Moth agg. 5
Oak Eggar 2
Oak Nycteoline 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Orange Swift 2
Orange Underwing 2
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Pale Tussock 3
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene aurita 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene populana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Pandemis cerasana 2
Phiaris palustrana 3
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phoenix 1
Phyllonorycter harrisella 1
Pink-barred Sallow 5
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 2
Psyche casta 1
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Purple Bar 5
Purple-bordered Gold 4
Pyrausta aurata 5
Pyrausta cingulata 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 1
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Red Carpet 2
Red Twin-spot Carpet 2
Red Underwing 1
Red-green Carpet 4
Red-necked Footman 5
Rhigognostis incarnatella 1
Riband Wave 5
Ruby Tiger 9
Sallow 1
Satellite 2
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Scalloped Oak 1
Scarce Umber 4
Scoparia basistrigalis 1
Scoparia pyralella 5
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Shaded Broad-bar 56
Silver Hook 14
Silver Y 558
Silver-ground Carpet 57
Six-spot Burnet 157
Slender Pug 1
Small Argent and Sable 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Small Fan-foot 1
Small Fan-footed Wave 4
Small Magpie 5
Small Phoenix 1
Snout 4
Speckled Yellow 92
Spring Usher 11
Spruce Carpet 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 2
Straw Dot 25
Swallow-tail Moth 2
Syndemis musculana 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
The Spectacle 1
The Streak 1
Thistle Ermine 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Torticoides alternella 8
Treble-bar 7
Triangle Plume 2
True Lover's Knot 3
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Twin-spot Carpet 8
Udea lutealis 21
Udea olivalis 1
Vapourer 1
White Ermine 3
White Plume Moth 1
Willow Beauty 3
Winter Moth 13
Wood Tiger 4
Wormwood Pug 1
Yellow Shell 49
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Yellow-tail 4
Yponomeuta cagnagella 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Zeiraphera isertana 3

Total number of moth species: 284. Number of sightings: 2818.