Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Comma 02 Mar 2020
Painted Lady 23 Mar 2020
Small White 23 Mar 2020
Holly Blue 23 Mar 2020
Red Admiral 06 Apr 2020
Orange-tip 06 Apr 2020
Green-veined White 06 Apr 2020
Large White 06 Apr 2020
Green Hairstreak 06 Apr 2020
Speckled Wood 06 Apr 2020
Common Blue 13 Apr 2020
Small Copper 20 Apr 2020
Duke of Burgundy 27 Apr 2020
Small Heath 27 Apr 2020
Dingy Skipper 27 Apr 2020
Wall Brown 27 Apr 2020
Small Blue 04 May 2020
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 11 May 2020
Dark Green Fritillary 11 May 2020
Marsh Fritillary 11 May 2020
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 18 May 2020
White-letter Hairstreak 25 May 2020
Northern Brown Argus 25 May 2020
Mountain Ringlet 25 May 2020
Large Skipper 25 May 2020
Large Heath 01 Jun 2020
Grayling 01 Jun 2020
Meadow Brown 01 Jun 2020
Small Skipper 01 Jun 2020
Ringlet 08 Jun 2020
Silver-washed Fritillary 08 Jun 2020
Purple Hairstreak 15 Jun 2020
High Brown Fritillary 15 Jun 2020
Gatekeeper 29 Jun 2020
Brown Hairstreak 27 Jul 2020
Scotch Argus 27 Jul 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Satellite 30 Dec 2019
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020
Agonopterix arenella 17 Feb 2020
Ruby Tiger 02 Mar 2020
Hebrew Character 30 Mar 2020
Emperor Moth 06 Apr 2020
Silver Y 13 Apr 2020
Mother Shipton 04 May 2020
Cauchas rufimitrella 04 May 2020
Speckled Yellow 04 May 2020
Brown Silver-line 04 May 2020
Common Carpet 04 May 2020
Angle Shades 04 May 2020
Currant Pug 11 May 2020
Cinnabar 11 May 2020
Green Carpet 11 May 2020
Silver-ground Carpet 11 May 2020
Chimney Sweeper 18 May 2020
Scoparia pyralella 18 May 2020
Esperia sulphurella 18 May 2020
Drinker 18 May 2020
Yellow Shell 18 May 2020
Cream Wave 18 May 2020
Burnet Companion 18 May 2020
Six-spot Burnet 18 May 2020
White Ermine 25 May 2020
Common Heath 25 May 2020
Micropterix aureatella 25 May 2020
Pyrausta purpuralis 25 May 2020
Mottled Umber 25 May 2020
Brimstone Moth 25 May 2020
Red Twin-spot Carpet 25 May 2020
Forester 25 May 2020
Clouded Buff 25 May 2020
Eulia ministrana 25 May 2020
Elephant Hawkmoth 01 Jun 2020
Latticed Heath 01 Jun 2020
Lathronympha strigana 01 Jun 2020
Marbled Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Yponomeuta cagnagella 01 Jun 2020
Common Plume 01 Jun 2020
Willow Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Common Marbled Carpet 01 Jun 2020
Grass Wave 01 Jun 2020
Small Magpie 01 Jun 2020
Notocelia uddmanniana 01 Jun 2020
Wood Tiger 01 Jun 2020
Nemophora degeerella 01 Jun 2020
Mullein 01 Jun 2020
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 08 Jun 2020
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 08 Jun 2020
Pyrausta cingulata 08 Jun 2020
Thistle Ermine 08 Jun 2020
Red-necked Footman 08 Jun 2020
Phiaris palustrana 08 Jun 2020
Notocelia cynosbatella 08 Jun 2020
Mottled Beauty 08 Jun 2020
Hedya pruniana 08 Jun 2020
Elachista albifrontella 08 Jun 2020
Clouded Magpie 08 Jun 2020
Shaded Broad-bar 15 Jun 2020
Bilberry Pug 15 Jun 2020
Magpie 15 Jun 2020
Cistus Forester 15 Jun 2020
Gold Swift 15 Jun 2020
Orthotaenia undulana 15 Jun 2020
Large Yellow Underwing 15 Jun 2020
Light Emerald 15 Jun 2020
Garden Carpet 15 Jun 2020
Argyresthia conjugella 15 Jun 2020
Straw Dot 22 Jun 2020
Chrysoteuchia culmella 22 Jun 2020
Gypsona sociana 29 Jun 2020
Clouded Border 29 Jun 2020
Ditula angustiorana 29 Jun 2020
Celypha lacunana 29 Jun 2020
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 29 Jun 2020
Gelechia sororculella 29 Jun 2020
Twin-spot Carpet 29 Jun 2020
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 06 Jul 2020
Eudonia lacustrata 06 Jul 2020
Dichrorampha petiverella 06 Jul 2020
Hedya salicella 06 Jul 2020
Knot Grass 06 Jul 2020
Batrachedra praeangusta 06 Jul 2020
Scoparia basistrigalis 06 Jul 2020
Epinotia nisella 06 Jul 2020
Zeiraphera isertana 06 Jul 2020
Purple-bordered Gold 06 Jul 2020
Fan-foot 06 Jul 2020
Eudemis profundana 06 Jul 2020
Common Footman 13 Jul 2020
Brown China-mark 13 Jul 2020
Rhigognostis incarnatella 13 Jul 2020
Archips xylosteana 13 Jul 2020
Swallow-tail Moth 20 Jul 2020
Argyresthia geodartella 20 Jul 2020
Small Fan-footed Wave 20 Jul 2020
Antler Moth 20 Jul 2020
Pammene aurita 20 Jul 2020
Northern Spinach 20 Jul 2020
July Highflyer 20 Jul 2020
Grapholita compositella 20 Jul 2020
Scalloped Oak 27 Jul 2020
Mother of Pearl 27 Jul 2020
Blastobasis adustella 27 Jul 2020
Argyresthia brockeella 27 Jul 2020
Argyresthia goedartella 27 Jul 2020
Buff Footman 27 Jul 2020
Ancylis badiana 27 Jul 2020
Cydia splendana 27 Jul 2020
Phyllonorycter harrisella 27 Jul 2020
Dun-bar 27 Jul 2020
Evergestis pallidata 03 Aug 2020
Pammene populana 03 Aug 2020
Lesser broad-bordered Yellow Underwing 03 Aug 2020
Pyrausta aurata 03 Aug 2020
Udea lutealis 03 Aug 2020
Purple Bar 10 Aug 2020
Common Wave 10 Aug 2020
Lesser Yellow Underwing 17 Aug 2020
Grey Dagger 17 Aug 2020
Light Brown Apple Moth 17 Aug 2020
Mompha locupletella 17 Aug 2020
Alder Moth 17 Aug 2020
Bactra lancealana 17 Aug 2020
Grey Chi 24 Aug 2020
Epinotia ramella 24 Aug 2020
Ear Moth agg. 24 Aug 2020
Carpatolechia decorella 24 Aug 2020
Flame Carpet 24 Aug 2020
Acleris emargana 24 Aug 2020
Treble-bar 24 Aug 2020
Nettle-tap Moth 31 Aug 2020
Pink-barred Sallow 14 Sep 2020

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brown Hairstreak 7
Clouded Yellow 16
Duke of Burgundy 63
Marsh Fritillary 68
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 68
White-letter Hairstreak 88
Purple Hairstreak 107
Large Heath 130
Small Blue 135
Mountain Ringlet 153
Silver-washed Fritillary 162
Scotch Argus 180
High Brown Fritillary 180
Green Hairstreak 243
Dingy Skipper 270
Grayling 289
Northern Brown Argus 304
Holly Blue 305
Gatekeeper 375
Small Copper 463
Large Skipper 503
Wall Brown 510
Dark Green Fritillary 519
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 519
Brimstone 592
Small Skipper 638
Comma 744
Ringlet 793
Large White 869
Common Blue 878
Small White 943
Small Heath 955
Orange-tip 1026
Painted Lady 1114
Meadow Brown 1291
Green-veined White 1352
Speckled Wood 1665
Peacock 1801
Red Admiral 1989
Small Tortoiseshell 2190

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 24497.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Least Black Arches 1
Least Minor 1
Lesser broad-bordered Yellow Underwing 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Hebrew Character 1
Green Pug 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Gypsona sociana 1
March moth 1
Marsh Pug 1
Notocelia uddmanniana 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Notocelia cynosbatella 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Mottled Grey 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Grass Emerald 1
Early Thorn 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista albifrontella 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Dichrorampha petiverella 1
Dingy Footman 1
Dotted Clay 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Gelechia sororculella 1
Fan-foot 1
Eulia ministrana 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Eucosma cana 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Orthotaenia undulana 1
The Streak 1
Thistle Ermine 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
The Spectacle 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Small Phoenix 1
Syndemis musculana 1
Udea olivalis 1
Vapourer 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Yponomeuta cagnagella 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
White Plume Moth 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Slender Pug 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phoenix 1
Phyllonorycter harrisella 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Pammene populana 1
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene aurita 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Psyche casta 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Scalloped Oak 1
Scoparia basistrigalis 1
Sallow 1
Rhigognostis incarnatella 1
Pyrausta ostrinalis 1
Red Underwing 1
Currant Pug 1
Hedya salicella 1
Common Wainscot 1
Barred Straw 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Argyresthia conjugella 1
Adela cuprella 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Brown-line Bright-eye 1
Batrachedra praeangusta 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Bilberry Pug 1
Blood Vein 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Brick 1
Cistus Forester 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Carpatolechia decorella 1
Archips xylosteana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Cauchas rufimitrella 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Agonopterix arenella 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Little Emerald 2
Grey Chi 2
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 2
Grapholita compositella 2
Gold Spot 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Mottled Beauty 2
Marbled Beauty 2
Orange Swift 2
Herald 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Ghost Moth 2
Mullein 2
Acleris emargana 2
Lesser Yellow Underwing 2
Heart and Dart 2
Oak Eggar 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Hedya pruniana 2
Orange Underwing 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Clouded Silver 2
Triangle Plume 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Bactra lancealana 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Dotted Border 2
Dark Arches 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Dark Tussock 2
Devon Carpet 2
Ditula angustiorana 2
Swallow-tail Moth 2
Red Twin-spot Carpet 2
Satellite 2
Eudonia lacustrata 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Eyed Hawkmoth 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Red Carpet 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Pyrausta cingulata 2
Pale Tussock 3
Spruce Carpet 3
Mompha locupletella 3
Apotomis turbidana 3
Phiaris palustrana 3
Brindled Pug 3
Buff Footman 3
Blastobasis adustella 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Cydia splendana 3
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 3
Argyresthia brockeella 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Burnished Brass 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Common Plume 3
Eudemis profundana 3
Adela reamurella 3
Galium Carpet 3
Clouded Magpie 3
Garden Pebble 3
Esperia sulphurella 3
Epinotia nisella 3
Crambus lathoniellus 3
Crambus perlella 3
Zeiraphera isertana 3
Dun-bar 3
Ear Moth agg. 3
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 3
Common Footman 3
White Ermine 3
Willow Beauty 3
Lead Belle 3
Light Brown Apple Moth 3
Large Emerald 3
Red-green Carpet 4
Garden Tiger 4
Snout 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Epinotia ramella 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Small Fan-footed Wave 4
Alder Moth 4
Common White Wave 4
Argyresthia geodartella 4
Scarce Umber 4
Gold Spangle 4
Purple-bordered Gold 4
Northern Spinach 4
July Belle 4
Cream Wave 4
Yellow-tail 4
Wood Tiger 4
Buff-tip 4
Gold Swift 5
Common Wave 5
Riband Wave 5
Argyresthia goedartella 5
Scoparia pyralella 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Knot Grass 5
Argent and Sable 5
Ancylis badiana 5
Celypha lacunana 5
November Moth agg. 5
Red-necked Footman 5
Chrysoteuchia culmella 5
Small Magpie 5
Grey Dagger 5
Pink-barred Sallow 5
Pyrausta aurata 5
Purple Bar 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Light Emerald 6
Lathronympha strigana 6
July Highflyer 6
Grass Wave 6
Northern Eggar 7
Mottled Umber 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Flame Carpet 7
Treble-bar 7
Micropterix aureatella 7
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Garden Carpet 8
Forester 8
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Twin-spot Carpet 8
Ruby Tiger 9
Common Marbled Carpet 10
Mother of Pearl 10
Northern Winter Moth 10
Spring Usher 11
Evergestis pallidata 12
Winter Moth 13
Nemophora degeerella 13
Magpie 13
Green Carpet 14
Silver Hook 14
Fox Moth 15
Elephant Hawkmoth 16
Drinker 16
Brimstone Moth 17
Latticed Heath 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Emperor Moth 17
Angle Shades 19
Anania Funebris 19
Clouded Border 20
Udea lutealis 21
Brown China-mark 23
Straw Dot 25
Antler Moth 27
Clouded Buff 29
Yellow Shell 49
Burnet Companion 50
Large Yellow Underwing 51
Common Heath 51
Common Carpet 52
Shaded Broad-bar 56
Silver-ground Carpet 57
Mother Shipton 61
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 75
Brown Silver-line 79
Speckled Yellow 92
Six-spot Burnet 157
Cinnabar 162
Chimney Sweeper 243
Silver Y 558

Total number of moth species: 284. Number of sightings: 2818.