Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Comma 02 Mar 2020
Holly Blue 23 Mar 2020
Painted Lady 23 Mar 2020
Small White 23 Mar 2020
Orange-tip 06 Apr 2020
Large White 06 Apr 2020
Speckled Wood 06 Apr 2020
Red Admiral 06 Apr 2020
Green-veined White 06 Apr 2020
Green Hairstreak 06 Apr 2020
Common Blue 13 Apr 2020
Small Copper 20 Apr 2020
Dingy Skipper 27 Apr 2020
Small Heath 27 Apr 2020
Duke of Burgundy 27 Apr 2020
Wall Brown 27 Apr 2020
Small Blue 04 May 2020
Marsh Fritillary 11 May 2020
Dark Green Fritillary 11 May 2020
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 11 May 2020
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 18 May 2020
White-letter Hairstreak 25 May 2020
Northern Brown Argus 25 May 2020
Large Skipper 25 May 2020
Mountain Ringlet 25 May 2020
Grayling 01 Jun 2020
Large Heath 01 Jun 2020
Small Skipper 01 Jun 2020
Meadow Brown 01 Jun 2020
Silver-washed Fritillary 08 Jun 2020
Ringlet 08 Jun 2020
Purple Hairstreak 15 Jun 2020
High Brown Fritillary 15 Jun 2020
Gatekeeper 29 Jun 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Satellite 30 Dec 2019
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020
Agonopterix arenella 17 Feb 2020
Ruby Tiger 02 Mar 2020
Hebrew Character 30 Mar 2020
Emperor Moth 06 Apr 2020
Silver Y 13 Apr 2020
Speckled Yellow 04 May 2020
Mother Shipton 04 May 2020
Common Carpet 04 May 2020
Cauchas rufimitrella 04 May 2020
Brown Silver-line 04 May 2020
Angle Shades 04 May 2020
Cinnabar 11 May 2020
Green Carpet 11 May 2020
Silver-ground Carpet 11 May 2020
Currant Pug 11 May 2020
Esperia sulphurella 18 May 2020
Scoparia pyralella 18 May 2020
Six-spot Burnet 18 May 2020
Yellow Shell 18 May 2020
Burnet Companion 18 May 2020
Cream Wave 18 May 2020
Drinker 18 May 2020
Chimney Sweeper 18 May 2020
Red Twin-spot Carpet 25 May 2020
Micropterix aureatella 25 May 2020
Pyrausta purpuralis 25 May 2020
Mottled Umber 25 May 2020
Forester 25 May 2020
Common Heath 25 May 2020
White Ermine 25 May 2020
Clouded Buff 25 May 2020
Brimstone Moth 25 May 2020
Eulia ministrana 25 May 2020
Mullein 01 Jun 2020
Small Magpie 01 Jun 2020
Notocelia uddmanniana 01 Jun 2020
Yponomeuta cagnagella 01 Jun 2020
Wood Tiger 01 Jun 2020
Willow Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Marbled Beauty 01 Jun 2020
Nemophora degeerella 01 Jun 2020
Common Marbled Carpet 01 Jun 2020
Elephant Hawkmoth 01 Jun 2020
Lathronympha strigana 01 Jun 2020
Grass Wave 01 Jun 2020
Latticed Heath 01 Jun 2020
Common Plume 01 Jun 2020
Phiaris palustrana 08 Jun 2020
Elachista albifrontella 08 Jun 2020
Pyrausta cingulata 08 Jun 2020
Hedya pruniana 08 Jun 2020
Red-necked Footman 08 Jun 2020
Notocelia cynosbatella 08 Jun 2020
Clouded Magpie 08 Jun 2020
Mottled Beauty 08 Jun 2020
Thistle Ermine 08 Jun 2020
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 08 Jun 2020
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 08 Jun 2020
Shaded Broad-bar 15 Jun 2020
Large Yellow Underwing 15 Jun 2020
Bilberry Pug 15 Jun 2020
Gold Swift 15 Jun 2020
Cistus Forester 15 Jun 2020
Light Emerald 15 Jun 2020
Garden Carpet 15 Jun 2020
Magpie 15 Jun 2020
Orthotaenia undulana 15 Jun 2020
Straw Dot 22 Jun 2020
Chrysoteuchia culmella 22 Jun 2020
Twin-spot Carpet 29 Jun 2020
Clouded Border 29 Jun 2020
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 29 Jun 2020
Ditula angustiorana 29 Jun 2020
Zeiraphera isertana 06 Jul 2020
Celypha lacunana 06 Jul 2020
Eudemis profundana 06 Jul 2020
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 06 Jul 2020
Knot Grass 06 Jul 2020
Eudonia lacustrata 06 Jul 2020

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brown Hairstreak 4
Clouded Yellow 17
Marsh Fritillary 69
Duke of Burgundy 73
White-letter Hairstreak 82
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 86
Purple Hairstreak 102
Large Heath 129
Small Blue 133
Mountain Ringlet 153
Scotch Argus 155
Silver-washed Fritillary 157
High Brown Fritillary 175
Grayling 257
Green Hairstreak 272
Northern Brown Argus 293
Holly Blue 314
Dingy Skipper 316
Gatekeeper 350
Small Copper 449
Dark Green Fritillary 478
Large Skipper 497
Wall Brown 526
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 529
Small Skipper 569
Brimstone 619
Comma 722
Ringlet 747
Large White 859
Common Blue 873
Small White 907
Small Heath 953
Painted Lady 1135
Orange-tip 1174
Meadow Brown 1178
Green-veined White 1429
Speckled Wood 1616
Peacock 1839
Red Admiral 1879
Small Tortoiseshell 2051

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 24166.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Oak Nycteoline 1
Dingy Footman 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Currant Pug 1
Notocelia uddmanniana 1
Notocelia cynosbatella 1
Dun-bar 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Dotted Clay 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Common Wainscot 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Common Swift 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Common Lutestring 1
Phoenix 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Clouded Drab 1
Mottled Grey 1
Early Thorn 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Least Minor 1
Lesser Yellow Underwing 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Acleris emargana 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Green Pug 1
Grass Emerald 1
Grapholita compositella 1
Grey Chi 1
Eulia ministrana 1
March moth 1
Elachista argentella 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Elachista albifrontella 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Eucosma cana 1
Marsh Pug 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Psyche casta 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Argyresthia goedartella 1
Udea olivalis 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
White Plume Moth 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Barred Straw 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Bordered Beauty 1
Brick 1
The Spectacle 1
The Streak 1
Thistle Ermine 1
Yponomeuta cagnagella 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Adela cuprella 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix arenella 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Bilberry Pug 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Cauchas rufimitrella 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Cistus Forester 1
Red Underwing 1
Sallow 1
Slender Pug 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Broad-barred White 1
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Knot Grass 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Least Black Arches 2
Small Phoenix 2
Herald 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Pyrausta cingulata 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Red Twin-spot Carpet 2
Heart and Dart 2
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Hebrew Character 2
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 2
Little Emerald 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Red Carpet 2
Mottled Beauty 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Triangle Plume 2
Orthotaenia undulana 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Orange Swift 2
Marbled Beauty 2
Satellite 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Oak Eggar 2
Phiaris palustrana 2
Mullein 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Hedya pruniana 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Celypha lacunana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Ancylis badiana 2
Dark Arches 2
Dotted Border 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Clouded Silver 2
Eudonia lacustrata 2
Common Footman 2
Cydia splendana 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Buff Footman 2
Ghost Moth 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Gold Spot 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Blastobasis adustella 2
Blood Vein 2
Dark Tussock 2
Ear Moth agg. 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Ditula angustiorana 2
Pale Tussock 3
Orange Underwing 3
Devon Carpet 3
Northern Spinach 3
Willow Beauty 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Vapourer 3
Syndemis musculana 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Burnished Brass 3
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Clouded Magpie 3
Alder Moth 3
Crambus perlella 3
Cream Wave 3
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 3
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Zeiraphera isertana 3
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 3
Galium Carpet 3
Large Emerald 3
Lead Belle 3
Eudemis profundana 3
Garden Pebble 3
Buff-tip 4
Pyrausta aurata 4
Brindled Pug 4
Yellow-tail 4
Common Wave 4
Common Plume 4
Snout 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Scarce Umber 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Red-green Carpet 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Garden Tiger 4
July Belle 4
White Ermine 4
Gold Spangle 4
Common White Wave 4
Adela reamurella 4
Wood Tiger 4
July Highflyer 4
Grey Dagger 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Chrysoteuchia culmella 5
Argent and Sable 5
Scoparia pyralella 5
Red-necked Footman 5
Riband Wave 5
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Purple Bar 5
Crambus pascuella 5
November Moth agg. 5
Esperia sulphurella 5
Gold Swift 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Small Magpie 5
Lathronympha strigana 6
Light Emerald 6
Flame Carpet 6
Grass Wave 6
Twin-spot Carpet 7
Micropterix aureatella 7
Mottled Umber 7
Northern Eggar 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Treble-bar 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Forester 8
Magpie 8
Mother of Pearl 8
Ruby Tiger 8
Pyrausta purpuralis 9
Garden Carpet 9
Northern Winter Moth 10
Spring Usher 11
Common Marbled Carpet 11
Winter Moth 13
Evergestis pallidata 13
Green Carpet 13
Antler Moth 15
Silver Hook 15
Nemophora degeerella 16
Drinker 16
Fox Moth 16
Brimstone Moth 17
Elephant Hawkmoth 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Emperor Moth 18
Latticed Heath 18
Angle Shades 19
Clouded Border 20
Udea lutealis 20
Anania Funebris 21
Brown China-mark 22
Straw Dot 25
Clouded Buff 29
Large Yellow Underwing 40
Yellow Shell 47
Shaded Broad-bar 48
Burnet Companion 53
Common Heath 55
Silver-ground Carpet 57
Common Carpet 60
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 69
Mother Shipton 69
Brown Silver-line 87
Speckled Yellow 104
Six-spot Burnet 149
Cinnabar 166
Chimney Sweeper 246
Silver Y 523

Total number of moth species: 277. Number of sightings: 2759.