Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2021

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Green Hairstreak 11 Jan 2021
Brown Hairstreak 18 Jan 2021
Comma 18 Jan 2021
Moth Name Week of First Sighting

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brown Hairstreak 9
Clouded Yellow 17
Marsh Fritillary 69
Duke of Burgundy 74
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 86
White-letter Hairstreak 88
Purple Hairstreak 112
Large Heath 130
Small Blue 145
Mountain Ringlet 154
Silver-washed Fritillary 168
High Brown Fritillary 182
Scotch Argus 189
Green Hairstreak 272
Grayling 294
Northern Brown Argus 304
Dingy Skipper 316
Holly Blue 331
Gatekeeper 400
Small Copper 504
Large Skipper 504
Dark Green Fritillary 520
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 529
Wall Brown 574
Brimstone 645
Small Skipper 653
Ringlet 798
Comma 809
Common Blue 920
Large White 960
Small Heath 990
Small White 1035
Painted Lady 1160
Orange-tip 1174
Meadow Brown 1328
Green-veined White 1512
Speckled Wood 1801
Peacock 1983
Red Admiral 2159
Small Tortoiseshell 2329

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 26227.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Acleris sparsana 1
Common Swift 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Clouded Drab 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Pammene aurana 1
March moth 1
Common Lutestring 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Cistus Forester 1
Phoenix 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Marsh Pug 1
Least Minor 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Eucosma cana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Grass Emerald 1
Green Pug 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Dingy Footman 1
Elachista argentella 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Dotted Clay 1
Adela cuprella 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Udea olivalis 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Barred Straw 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Small Fan-foot 1
White Plume Moth 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Brick 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Red Underwing 1
Sallow 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Broad-barred White 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Slender Pug 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Grey Chi 2
Ypsolopha parenthesella 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Grapholita compositella 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Heart and Dart 2
Gold Spot 2
Hebrew Character 2
Ghost Moth 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Red Carpet 2
Red Twin-spot Carpet 2
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Orthotaenia undulana 2
Orange Swift 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Small Phoenix 2
Least Black Arches 2
Oak Eggar 2
Swallow-tail Moth 2
Mottled Beauty 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Little Emerald 2
Triangle Plume 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Marbled Beauty 2
Herald 2
Eyed Hawkmoth 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Dark Arches 2
Ditula angustiorana 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Clouded Silver 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Blood Vein 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Eudonia lacustrata 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Argyresthia brockeella 3
Light Brown Apple Moth 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Willow Beauty 3
Vapourer 3
Cydia splendana 3
Crambus perlella 3
Pale Tussock 3
Orange Underwing 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Clouded Magpie 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Burnished Brass 3
Buff Footman 3
Lead Belle 3
Blastobasis adustella 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Devon Carpet 3
Zeiraphera isertana 3
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 3
Galium Carpet 3
Large Emerald 3
Ear Moth agg. 3
Garden Pebble 3
Dun-bar 3
Eudemis profundana 3
Northern Spinach 4
Yellow-tail 4
Brindled Pug 4
Red-green Carpet 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Wood Tiger 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Garden Tiger 4
Common White Wave 4
Common Plume 4
Scarce Umber 4
Argyresthia geodartella 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
White Ermine 4
Alder Moth 4
Adela reamurella 4
Small Fan-footed Wave 4
Purple-bordered Gold 4
Epinotia ramella 4
July Belle 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Cream Wave 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Buff-tip 4
Mompha locupletella 4
Gold Spangle 4
Snout 4
Chrysoteuchia culmella 5
Riband Wave 5
Pink-barred Sallow 5
Argent and Sable 5
Pyrausta aurata 5
Gold Swift 5
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Common Wave 5
November Moth agg. 5
Scoparia pyralella 5
Ancylis badiana 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Esperia sulphurella 5
Knot Grass 5
Small Magpie 5
Red-necked Footman 5
Grass Wave 6
Lathronympha strigana 6
Grey Dagger 6
July Highflyer 6
Flame Carpet 7
Northern Eggar 7
Light Emerald 7
Micropterix aureatella 7
Mottled Umber 7
Nettle-tap Moth 7
Purple Bar 7
Forester 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Twin-spot Carpet 8
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Diplodoma laichartingella 8
Garden Carpet 9
Ruby Tiger 9
Treble-bar 9
Pyrausta purpuralis 10
Mother of Pearl 10
Northern Winter Moth 11
Spring Usher 11
Common Marbled Carpet 12
Magpie 13
Evergestis pallidata 14
Green Carpet 15
Silver Hook 15
Winter Moth 16
Nemophora degeerella 16
Fox Moth 16
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Drinker 17
Elephant Hawkmoth 17
Brimstone Moth 17
Latticed Heath 17
Emperor Moth 18
Angle Shades 20
Anania Funebris 21
Udea lutealis 21
Clouded Border 22
Brown China-mark 23
Antler Moth 25
Straw Dot 26
Clouded Buff 29
Yellow Shell 49
Large Yellow Underwing 52
Burnet Companion 53
Common Heath 55
Silver-ground Carpet 58
Shaded Broad-bar 60
Common Carpet 65
Mother Shipton 69
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 75
Brown Silver-line 87
Speckled Yellow 104
Six-spot Burnet 157
Cinnabar 167
Chimney Sweeper 246
Silver Y 595

Total number of moth species: 238. Number of sightings: 2903.