Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2020

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Small Tortoiseshell 03 Feb 2020
Peacock 03 Feb 2020
Brimstone 03 Feb 2020
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Satellite 30 Dec 2019
Spring Usher 06 Jan 2020
Pale-brindled Beauty 27 Jan 2020

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brown Hairstreak 4
Clouded Yellow 17
Marsh Fritillary 56
Duke of Burgundy 70
White-letter Hairstreak 76
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 85
Purple Hairstreak 101
Small Blue 112
Large Heath 113
Mountain Ringlet 142
Silver-washed Fritillary 154
Scotch Argus 155
High Brown Fritillary 166
Green Hairstreak 238
Grayling 246
Northern Brown Argus 263
Dingy Skipper 267
Holly Blue 279
Gatekeeper 347
Large Skipper 415
Small Copper 424
Dark Green Fritillary 424
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 437
Wall Brown 488
Small Skipper 533
Brimstone 533
Comma 666
Ringlet 670
Large White 776
Common Blue 783
Small Heath 801
Small White 823
Orange-tip 906
Meadow Brown 1071
Painted Lady 1115
Green-veined White 1311
Speckled Wood 1450
Peacock 1587
Small Tortoiseshell 1706
Red Admiral 1753

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 21563.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Old Lady Moth 1
Ditula angustiorana 1
Dingy Footman 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Dotted Clay 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Early Thorn 1
Dun-bar 1
Narrow-winged Pug 1
Double-striped Pug 1
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Green Pug 1
Psyche casta 1
Common Wainscot 1
Common Swift 1
Clouded Drab 1
Phoenix 1
Phiaris palustrana 1
Pammene spledidulana 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Convolvulus Hawk-moth 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Knot Grass 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Least Minor 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Lesser Yellow Underwing 1
Acleris emargana 1
Hebrew Character 1
Grey Chi 1
Green Oak Tortrix 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Grass Emerald 1
Grapholita compositella 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Marbled Beauty 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Mottled Beauty 1
Mottled Grey 1
Elachista argentella 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Eudonia lacustrata 1
March moth 1
Marsh Pug 1
Eucosma cana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Common Rustic agg. 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Barred Straw 1
Argyresthia goedartella 1
White Plume Moth 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Udea olivalis 1
The Streak 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Brick 1
Bordered Beauty 1
The Spectacle 1
Yellow-barred Brindle 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Ypsolopha scabrella 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Slender Pug 1
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Clouded Magpie 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Broad-barred White 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Sallow 1
Red Underwing 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Pyrausta cingulata 1
Common Lutestring 1
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Least Black Arches 2
Herald 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Zeiraphera isertana 2
Poplar Hawkmoth 2
Heart and Dart 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Red Carpet 2
Satellite 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet 2
Small Phoenix 2
Oak Eggar 2
Triangle Plume 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Little Emerald 2
Willow Beauty 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Mompha locupletella 2
Orange Swift 2
Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Blastobasis adustella 2
Blood Vein 2
Dotted Border 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Eudemis profundana 2
Epinotia ramella 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Dark Tussock 2
Dark Arches 2
Buff Footman 2
Common Plume 2
Common Footman 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Clouded Silver 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Cydia splendana 2
Cream Wave 2
Argyresthia brockeella 2
Ear Moth agg. 2
Ancylis badiana 2
Gold Spot 2
Ghost Moth 2
Alder Moth 3
Gold Swift 3
Purple-bordered Gold 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Northern Spinach 3
Devon Carpet 3
Large Emerald 3
Orange Underwing 3
Crambus perlella 3
Small Fan-footed Wave 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Garden Pebble 3
Pale Tussock 3
Wood Tiger 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Scoparia pyralella 3
White Ermine 3
Red-necked Footman 3
Eyed Hawkmoth 3
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Vapourer 3
Galium Carpet 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Lead Belle 3
Burnished Brass 3
Chrysoteuchia culmella 4
Gold Spangle 4
Pink-barred Sallow 4
Grey Dagger 4
Pyrausta aurata 4
Red-green Carpet 4
Scarce Umber 4
Adela reamurella 4
Common Wave 4
Common White Wave 4
Buff-tip 4
July Highflyer 4
Yellow-tail 4
Lathronympha strigana 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Esperia sulphurella 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Micropterix aureatella 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Brindled Pug 4
Small Magpie 4
Garden Tiger 4
July Belle 4
Snout 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Diurnea fagella 4
Argent and Sable 5
Riband Wave 5
Purple Bar 5
Light Emerald 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
November Moth agg. 5
Grass Wave 5
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Mottled Umber 6
Flame Carpet 6
Twin-spot Carpet 6
Forester 6
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Northern Eggar 7
Magpie 7
Ruby Tiger 7
Torticoides alternella 8
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Garden Carpet 8
Pyrausta purpuralis 8
Treble-bar 8
Mother of Pearl 8
Common Marbled Carpet 9
Northern Winter Moth 10
Spring Usher 11
Green Carpet 12
Evergestis pallidata 13
Nemophora degeerella 13
Winter Moth 13
Emperor Moth 14
Drinker 14
Elephant Hawkmoth 14
Brimstone Moth 14
Antler Moth 15
Silver Hook 15
Latticed Heath 15
Fox Moth 16
Clouded Border 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Angle Shades 17
Udea lutealis 20
Straw Dot 21
Anania Funebris 21
Brown China-mark 22
Clouded Buff 23
Yellow Shell 35
Large Yellow Underwing 38
Burnet Companion 43
Shaded Broad-bar 44
Silver-ground Carpet 46
Common Heath 50
Common Carpet 51
Mother Shipton 57
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 65
Brown Silver-line 74
Speckled Yellow 96
Cinnabar 135
Six-spot Burnet 137
Chimney Sweeper 179
Silver Y 485

Total number of moth species: 263. Number of sightings: 2421.