Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Brown Argus Aricia agestis Not Listed
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Small Tortoiseshell 2851
Red Admiral 2429
Peacock 2241
Speckled Wood 2083
Green-veined White 1739
Meadow Brown 1533
Orange-tip 1452
Small White 1335
Painted Lady 1236
Large White 1131
Small Heath 1117
Common Blue 1065
Comma 911
Ringlet 906
Small Skipper 747
Brimstone 727
Wall Brown 695
Small Copper 593
Dark Green Fritillary 569
Large Skipper 561
Gatekeeper 449
Holly Blue 407
Dingy Skipper 361
Grayling 339
Green Hairstreak 330
Northern Brown Argus 320
Scotch Argus 219
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 194
Small Blue 193
Mountain Ringlet 178
Silver-washed Fritillary 171
High Brown Fritillary 167
Large Heath 151
Purple Hairstreak 129
White-letter Hairstreak 115
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 64
Marsh Fritillary 52
Duke of Burgundy 31
Clouded Yellow 17
Brown Hairstreak 8
Brown Argus 2

Total number of butterfly species: 41. Number of sightings: 29818.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Silver Y 622
Chimney Sweeper 284
Cinnabar 190
Six-spot Burnet 180
Speckled Yellow 95
Common Carpet 90
Brown Silver-line 86
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 82
Mother Shipton 75
Shaded Broad-bar 74
Common Heath 71
Burnet Companion 70
Silver-ground Carpet 63
Yellow Shell 61
Large Yellow Underwing 59
Straw Dot 34
Brown China-mark 28
Clouded Buff 27
Antler Moth 26
Emperor Moth 26
Udea lutealis 25
Clouded Border 23
Drinker 23
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 22
Anania Funebris 21
Brimstone Moth 20
Angle Shades 20
Magpie 20
Latticed Heath 20
Elephant Hawkmoth 18
Fox Moth 17
Nemophora degeerella 16
Winter Moth 16
Green Carpet 16
Silver Hook 14
Evergestis pallidata 14
Common Marbled Carpet 13
Spring Usher 13
Northern Winter Moth 11
Mother of Pearl 11
Ruby Tiger 11
Pyrausta purpuralis 10
Purple Bar 9
Garden Carpet 9
Light Emerald 9
Micropterix aureatella 9
Nettle-tap Moth 9
Mottled Umber 9
Treble-bar 9
Bird-cherry Ermine 9
Northern Eggar 8
Pale-brindled Beauty 8
Twin-spot Carpet 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Grey Dagger 7
Wood Tiger 7
Esperia sulphurella 7
Lathronympha strigana 7
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Crambus pascuella 7
Crambus lathoniellus 7
Flame Carpet 7
Chrysoteuchia culmella 7
Grass Wave 6
Agriphila tristella 6
Red-necked Footman 6
Common Plume 6
July Highflyer 6
Yellow-tail 6
Burnished Brass 5
White Ermine 5
Scoparia pyralella 5
Ancylis badiana 5
Four-dotted Footman 5
Diurnea fagella 5
Argent and Sable 5
Red-green Carpet 5
Spruce Carpet 5
Knot Grass 5
Gold Spangle 5
Common Wave 5
Small Phoenix 5
Gold Swift 5
Phiaris palustrana 5
Pink-barred Sallow 5
Pyrausta aurata 5
Small Magpie 5
November Moth agg. 5
Small Fan-footed Wave 5
Oak Eggar 5
Argyresthia geodartella 4
Catoptria margaritella 4
Eyed Hawkmoth 4
July Belle 4
Purple-bordered Gold 4
Adela reamurella 4
Eucosma cana 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Garden Tiger 4
Brindled Pug 4
Epinotia ramella 4
Twenty-plume Moth 4
Snout 4
Micropterix calthella 4
Common White Wave 4
Mompha locupletella 4
Clouded Magpie 4
Northern Spinach 4
Cream Wave 4
Light Brown Apple Moth 4
Buff-tip 4
Lead Belle 4
Riband Wave 4
Alder Moth 4
Scarce Umber 4
Vapourer 4
Pale Tussock 3
Grey Chi 3
Aethes cnicana 3
Orthotaenia undulana 3
Orange Underwing 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Pandemis cerasana 3
Agriphila straminella 3
Hedya nubiferana 3
Agapeta hamana 3
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 3
Large Emerald 3
Zeiraphera isertana 3
Blastobasis adustella 3
Dark Arches 3
Devon Carpet 3
Crambus perlella 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Small Yellow Underwing 3
Dun-bar 3
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 3
Triangle Plume 3
Buff Footman 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Willow Beauty 3
Cydia splendana 3
Eudemis profundana 3
Red Twin-spot Carpet 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Forester 3
Argyresthia brockeella 3
Galium Carpet 3
Garden Pebble 3
Pyrausta despicata 3
Gold Spot 3
Grapholita compositella 3
Ypsolopha ustella 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Ypsolopha parenthesella 2
Timothy Tortrix 2
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 2
Old Lady Moth 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Orange Swift 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Sallow 2
White Plume Moth 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Red Underwing 2
Red Carpet 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Swallow-tail Moth 2
Hebrew Character 2
Mottled Beauty 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Blood Vein 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Glyphipterix thrasonella 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Ghost Moth 2
Firethorn Leaf Miner 2
Eudonia lacustrata 2
Cauchas fibulella 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Clouded Silver 2
Early Tooth-striped 2
Ear Moth agg. 2
Common Swift 2
Ditula angustiorana 2
Dingy Footman 2
Dichrorampha petiverella 2
Blackneck 2
Currant Pug 2
Heart and Dart 2
Barred Straw 2
March moth 2
Least Black Arches 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Marbled Beauty 2
Microptera calthella 2
Herald 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Common Quaker 1
Adela cuprella 1
Common Lutestring 1
Spindle Ermine 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Clouded Drab 1
Cistus Forester 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Ancyslis badiana 1
Beautiful Plume 1
Calamotropha paludella 1
Argyresthia curvella 1
Wormwood Pug 1
Tinea pellionella 1
Tortrix viridana 1
Broad-barred White 1
Blastobasis lacticolella 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Udea olivalis 1
Beautiful Snout 1
Brick 1
Early Grey 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Phoenix 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Pammene rhediella 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene aurana 1
Least Minor 1
Green Pug 1
Little Emerald 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Marsh Pug 1
Micropterix aruncella 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Mompha ochraceela 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Psychoides filicivora 1
Slender Pug 1
Elachista luticomella 1
Dotted Clay 1
Nemophora minimella 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Elachista argentella 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Grass Rivulet 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Pyrausta nigrata 1
Glyphipterix simpliciella 1
Gothic 1
Grass Emerald 1
Acleris literana 1

Total number of moth species: 268. Number of sightings: 3301.