Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Species First Sightings in 2021

Butterfly Name Week of First Sighting
Small Copper 03 May 2021
Common Blue 19 Apr 2021
Dingy Skipper 19 Apr 2021
Large White 19 Apr 2021
Holly Blue 29 Mar 2021
Small White 29 Mar 2021
Comma 15 Mar 2021
Green Hairstreak 15 Mar 2021
Green-veined White 15 Mar 2021
Orange-tip 15 Mar 2021
Painted Lady 15 Mar 2021
Speckled Wood 15 Mar 2021
Brimstone 01 Mar 2021
Red Admiral 01 Mar 2021
Peacock 22 Feb 2021
Small Tortoiseshell 25 Jan 2021
Moth Name Week of First Sighting
Burnet Companion 26 Apr 2021
Brimstone Moth 19 Apr 2021
Latticed Heath 19 Apr 2021
Mother Shipton 19 Apr 2021
Common Heath 12 Apr 2021
Diurnea fagella 05 Apr 2021
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 05 Apr 2021
Early Tooth-striped 05 Apr 2021
Acleris literana 29 Mar 2021
Emperor Moth 29 Mar 2021
Ypsolopha ustella 29 Mar 2021
Spring Usher 01 Feb 2021

Species Total Sightings Count Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Small Tortoiseshell 2407
Red Admiral 2131
Peacock 1941
Speckled Wood 1706
Green-veined White 1474
Meadow Brown 1286
Orange-tip 1206
Painted Lady 1143
Small White 1034
Small Heath 952
Large White 947
Common Blue 878
Comma 781
Ringlet 759
Small Skipper 626
Brimstone 613
Wall Brown 571
Small Copper 501
Large Skipper 477
Dark Green Fritillary 476
Gatekeeper 382
Holly Blue 331
Green Hairstreak 291
Dingy Skipper 285
Grayling 274
Northern Brown Argus 272
Scotch Argus 189
Mountain Ringlet 154
Silver-washed Fritillary 149
Small Blue 145
Large Heath 130
High Brown Fritillary 128
Purple Hairstreak 112
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 100
White-letter Hairstreak 88
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 39
Marsh Fritillary 37
Clouded Yellow 17
Duke of Burgundy 10
Brown Hairstreak 7

Total number of butterfly species: 40. Number of sightings: 25049.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Silver Y 581
Chimney Sweeper 245
Cinnabar 156
Six-spot Burnet 151
Speckled Yellow 80
Brown Silver-line 79
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 75
Mother Shipton 69
Common Carpet 64
Common Heath 61
Shaded Broad-bar 60
Silver-ground Carpet 57
Burnet Companion 54
Large Yellow Underwing 51
Yellow Shell 49
Clouded Buff 27
Straw Dot 26
Antler Moth 25
Brown China-mark 23
Clouded Border 22
Emperor Moth 21
Udea lutealis 21
Anania Funebris 19
Angle Shades 19
Latticed Heath 18
Brimstone Moth 17
Fox Moth 17
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 17
Drinker 17
Elephant Hawkmoth 16
Winter Moth 16
Nemophora degeerella 16
Green Carpet 15
Silver Hook 14
Evergestis pallidata 14
Magpie 13
Spring Usher 13
Common Marbled Carpet 12
Northern Winter Moth 11
Mother of Pearl 10
Ruby Tiger 9
Garden Carpet 9
Pyrausta purpuralis 9
Treble-bar 9
Bird-cherry Ermine 8
Twin-spot Carpet 8
Torticoides alternella 8
Diplodoma laichartingella 7
Micropterix aureatella 7
Mottled Umber 7
Nettle-tap Moth 7
Light Emerald 7
Flame Carpet 7
Northern Eggar 7
Purple Bar 7
Lathronympha strigana 6
July Highflyer 6
Grass Wave 6
Grey Dagger 6
Small Magpie 5
Ancylis badiana 5
Knot Grass 5
Diurnea fagella 5
Scoparia pyralella 5
Common Wave 5
Gold Swift 5
Argent and Sable 5
November Moth agg. 5
Esperia sulphurella 5
Red-necked Footman 5
Pale-brindled Beauty 5
Crambus pascuella 5
Chrysoteuchia culmella 5
Pink-barred Sallow 5
Gold Spangle 4
Epinotia ramella 4
Northern Spinach 4
Riband Wave 4
Pyrausta aurata 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Red-green Carpet 4
Brindled Pug 4
Garden Tiger 4
Purple-bordered Gold 4
Scarce Umber 4
Common White Wave 4
Buff-tip 4
July Belle 4
Mompha locupletella 4
White Ermine 4
Argyresthia geodartella 4
Yellow-tail 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Common Plume 4
Apotomis turbidana 4
Snout 4
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Cream Wave 4
Small Fan-footed Wave 4
Wood Tiger 4
Alder Moth 4
Orange Underwing 3
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 3
Light Brown Apple Moth 3
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Pale Tussock 3
Large Emerald 3
Zeiraphera isertana 3
Agriphila tristella 3
Garden Pebble 3
Galium Carpet 3
True Lover's Knot 3
Blastobasis adustella 3
Buff Footman 3
Burnished Brass 3
Syndemis musculana 3
Vapourer 3
Willow Beauty 3
Clouded Magpie 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Argyresthia brockeella 3
Crambus perlella 3
Cydia splendana 3
Devon Carpet 3
Dun-bar 3
Lead Belle 3
Eudemis profundana 3
Forester 3
Adela reamurella 3
Ypsolopha ustella 2
Oak Eggar 2
Twenty-plume Moth 2
Ypsolopha sequella 2
Orange Swift 2
Ypsolopha parenthesella 2
Orthotaenia undulana 2
Pandemis cerasana 2
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 2
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Ypsolopha dentella 2
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Red Carpet 2
Small Argent and Sable 2
Small Dusty Wave 2
Small Phoenix 2
Swallow-tail Moth 2
Triangle Plume 2
Red Twin-spot Carpet 2
Hedya nubiferana 2
Mottled Beauty 2
Eudonia lacustrata 2
Beautiful Golden Y 2
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 2
Dark Arches 2
Gold Spot 2
Ghost Moth 2
Eyed Hawkmoth 2
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Batracherda preangusta 2
Catoptria margaritella 2
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Early Tooth-striped 2
Ear Moth agg. 2
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 2
Clouded Silver 2
Ditula angustiorana 2
Grey Chi 2
Grapholita compositella 2
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Hebrew Character 2
Micropterix calthella 2
Marbled Beauty 2
Herald 2
Least Black Arches 2
Heart and Dart 2
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Udea olivalis 1
Cauchas fibulella 1
Barred Straw 1
Copper Underwing agg. 1
Adela cuprella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Clouded Drab 1
Common Swift 1
Common Lutestring 1
Cistus Forester 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Anacampsis populella 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
White Pinion-spotted 1
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Broad-barred White 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila straminella 1
Brick 1
Blood Vein 1
Wormwood Pug 1
White Plume Moth 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Dingy Footman 1
Incurvaria praelatella 1
Phoenix 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pammene aurana 1
Acleris sparsana 1
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Green Pug 1
Old Lady Moth 1
Oak Nycteoline 1
Least Minor 1
Little Emerald 1
March moth 1
Marsh Pug 1
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Grass Emerald 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Dotted Clay 1
Slender Pug 1
Middle-barred Minor 1
Elachista argentella 1
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Foxglove Pug 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Sallow 1
Epinotia tenerana 1
Red Underwing 1
Eriocraniidae 1
Eucosma cana 1
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Acleris literana 1

Total number of moth species: 239. Number of sightings: 2835.